By: RaY KinZoKu

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Friday, 8-Jan-2010 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
FILLER ENTRY : Amin Sweeney's Karya Lengkap Abdullah Munsyi

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FILLER ENTRY :



Karya Lengkap Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi - Jilid 1












" Karya Lengkap Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi - Jilid 1 "

Dipenakan oleh Amin Sweeney ( 2005 ).

Terbitan Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia ( KPG ), Jakarta - Indonesia, dengan kerjasama École française d'Extrême-Orient ..

Terdiri daripada 3 Jilid tetapi minat saya hanya melekat pada Jilid 1, setebal 370 muka yang mengandungi kisah pelayaran Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi ke Kelantan dalam tahun 1837.

Dipersembahkan dalam bentuk salinan daripada teks asal terbitan 1838, diiringi dengan penjelasan terperinci kepada latar belakang mereka yang ditemui dan disebut Abdullah ( who's who ) beserta ulasan, perbandingan edisi, komen dan juga kritikan yang saya kira amat menarik, oleh si penulis, Amin Sweeney ....

Yang ini dibeli dari Gramedia Bookstore * The Mines pada harga RM16.90 senaskhah ...



* kedai buku dari seberang, yang baru sahaja dibuka di The Mines, Seri Kembangan,
sekitar Oktober lepas, kalau tidak silap ianya adalah cawangan tunggal dan pertama
yang seumpamanya di bumi Malingsia .. opss ! Malaysia ! Eheh ~

Tinjauan mendapati buku ini tiada dijual di mana-mana kedai buku melainkan di
Gramedia Bookstore itu sahaja ( almaklumlah, penerbitnya pun dari kumpulan
Gramedia jugak ! ) ...

Sebenarnya sudah lama saya cari, malah pernah cuba mendapatkannya secara
' online ' terus dari si penerbit tetapi gagal disebabkan masalah komunikasi ( bukan
bahasa, tapi komunikasi ! ) .. dan hampir-hampir sahaja saya berputus asa sehinggalah
terserempak secara tak sengaja dengan " toko buku " ini di The Mines !

Ha ha ... sungguh ku tak sangka !





Huraiannya mendalam dan amat membantu saya dalam lebih meneliti, memahami dan menghayati tujuan, mentaliti dan pedoman sebenar Abdullah Munsyi dalam penulisannya, khususnya tentang Kelantan 173 tahun yang lampau ...

Tak guna saya mengulas panjang, belilah dan tataplah sendiri !

Amat disyorkan !

( atau bak kata orang Jepun,  お勧めです~! = " o-susume desu ! " )





PREBIU BUKU :


    RUANGBACA.COM :

Quote:


    Abdullah memang kontroversial. Amin Sweeney, seorang muslim asal Irlandia,
    menyodorkan bukti bahwa beberapa penulis telah mengubah-ubah tulisan
    Abdullah demi kepentingan politik, agama, dan bahasa asal yang bersangkutan.
    Filolog Keasberry, menurut Amin, bahkan mengubah gaya bahasa Abdullah.

    Beberapa waktu lalu, di Jakarta, Amin meluncurkan bukunya, Karya Lengkap
    Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi. Isinya, edisi pertama Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah
    ke Kelantan pada 1838 dan edisi terakhir Kisah Pelayaran Abdulah ke Mekkah.
    Buku yang boleh jadi merupakan koreksi-atau kritik-atas teks-teks lain tentang
    Abdullah selama ini.


    Sumber @ Baca lagi di :

    Evieta Fadjar @ ruangbaca.com - " Catatan Seorang Munsyi "






BACAAN BERKAITAN :


Quote:


    No doubt Abdullah can be said to be a great chronicler of his time, but as pointed
    out by the late A. H. Hill in his translation of Hikayat Abdullah, Abdullah cannot be
    relied upon for his facts and dates.

    A. E. Coope prefers to call him the "first Malay reporter", and in his Kesah Pelayaran
    Abdullah, he does give a picture of himself as a reporter, with his note-book and
    pencil jotting down the things he saw and conversations he had with the various
    people he met. But even as a reporter, Abdullah seems to fall somewhat short
    of expectation. Abdullah made the voyage to Kelantan as an interpreter to a
    mission sent by some Singapore merchants in connection with four sampan
    pukat belonging to the Singapore merchants which were detained in Kelantan
    because of a civil war taking place in that state.

    But in his account of this voyage, Abdullah dwells very little on the subject of his
    mission or of the civil war itself; and in the light of what actually took place,
    Abdullah's account has a lacuna which needs to be filled in.


    Source @ Read the rest at :

    Mohd. Taib Usman ( 1964 ) -

    " A Note On Abdullah's Account of The Kelantan Civil War in His Kesah Pelayaran Abdullah "




Quote:


    Father of Modern Malay Literature is an epithet often ascribed to Abdullah bin
    Abdul Kadir Munsyi, a Malay author who lived in Melaka and Singapore during
    the first half of the nineteenth century. Two of his works, Hikayat Abdullah
    (Tale of Abdullah) and Kisah pelayaran Abdullah ke Kelantan (Account of
    Abdullah’s voyage to Kelantan) are the stories most often singled out as
    those that form the bridge between traditional and modern Malay writing.

    Characteristics of these writings viewed by critics as modern elements are
    the foregrounding of the authorial self through the use of the first-person
    pronoun, realistic descriptions of historical events and persons, and harsh
    criticism of the culture, socio-political structure, and practices of the Malay
    community (Milner 1995).


    Source @ Read the rest at :

    Jan Van Der Putten ( 2006 ) - " Abdullah Munsyi and the missionaries "









Friday, 1-Jan-2010 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
ENTER 2010 : Kota Bharu & The Charming 80s

 
 
 
View all 15 photos...
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ENTER 2010 :


Kota Bharu & The Charming 80s




~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


Please, don't wish me " Happy New Year ",

since I only wake up to a new day and never to a new year,

But if you must and would die if don't,

wish me a " Happy New Day " instead ...

.... and don't forget to do so .... every .. single .. day ~


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~





Exit 2009 .... Enter 2010 ~ !

A decade into the 21st century ....

Amazing !

Feels like it was just last year that I first drew in my first breath, last month since I first learned to arrange letters into words, last week since I got my first pay-check and yesterday since I am what I am today ....

I was actually born and grew up in 80s Kota Bharu and lived in the small town of the East Coast, through the period as a small kid, who observed a lot but experienced very little. Unfortunately, what now left of that observations are only scattered pieces of blurry images, coloured by vague bitter sweet memories, hoping to be pieced back in some sort of an ultimate revival. A revival that finally came, well somewhat, after I chanced upon these dusty old, postcards of Kota Bharu.

These postcards however, are undated. I am not sure when these images were exactly taken but by examining some distinct " markers " synonymous with the period such as vehicles, structures, landscapes, people's activities and alike, I strongly believe that these must had been snapped between late 70s and mid 80s i.e. around 30 years ago.

Now, through these shots, I am returning myself to that Kota Bharu I once knew.
My mom and my late father used to drive me through the bustling streets of the town, through and passing the places shown in these images. While they really mean something to me for that, I believe that they might mean a lot more to other Kelantanese who went through the 80s Kota Bharu as grown-ups. Well, whatever that might be ..

Now, I am only hoping for the best and a much brighter future for Kota Bharu ...

Viva Koto Barghu !

( May you grow up smartly .. )


~ " Korera wo miru to nanka natsukashii kanji ga suru ne ... " ~




* Postcards Credit :

Colour slides by Great Wall Photographers Sdn. Bhd. , Kuala Lumpur

Published by Great Star Enterprises, Kuala Lumpur









* Jalan Temenggong

The main artery of Kota Bharu .....

( Interestingly, what I thought as a recent introduction, was actually already implemented
in the past, I mean, the one way flow of Jalan Temenggong .. Note the traffic flow ! )

At the end of this road, is Hotel Temenggong - the red walled high rise, seen in this shot
" next " to the Fujicolor signboard. The hotel, albeit a very small one by today's standard,
is much in business now as it was before.

There's also a pedestrian bridge over Jalan Temenggong ( entirely of steel, painted
dark, not clear through this shot though ) accessible through the second floor of Pasar
MPKB . I have no idea since when it was there but I do recall it well, used to cross the
road on it and clearly remember the day when it was brought down, a decade or so ago,
emm ... I wonder why ?

I remember Restoran Budaya too, but I don't remember the one with a 7-Up sign on
the right. I only remember it as a bank, if I am not mistaken, a Standard Chartered
branch which ceased from operation, when I was still in my primary or early secondary
school years.

As for the Restoran Budaya, the building where it used to operate from is still there,
quite undisturbed, an old wooden house of early 1900s construction. Its front lawn
however have been turned into a showroom for Kia cars ...


Present day Jalan Temenggong :



* Tips : Right click on mouse, open in a new tab







* Jalan Padang Garong

One of the main arteries of Kota Bharu.

There were less motorised vehicles and the road seemed to be not as crowded as it
is now.

Teksi ( Kelantanese for " beca " ) however was aplenty back then and they
were the " kings of the streets " of Kota Bharu. Now, very few are seen.

Also in this shot is the then, newly completed Kelantan State Economic Development
Corporation ( SEDC ) or Perbadanan Kemajuan Iktisad Negeri Kelantan ( PKINK )
building, towering behind, well above the older shop houses.

Trivia :

Somewhere at the end of this row of shop lots ( left hand side ) was a private maternity
clinic, where I was born. The clinic has since gone, many many years ago ...


Present day Jalan Padang Garong :



* Tips : Right click on mouse, open in a new tab







* Masjid Besar Koto Barghu aka Masjid Muhammadi

The townspeople's center of faith ....

As far as I remember, the mosque iconic domes had always been coated in black,
with the rest, in cream. If I am not mistaken, the colour scheme was maintained so,
since it was first built in 1920s until someone came up with an idea, rather recently,
to change the domes' black to gold coloured pigment while still leaving the rest in its
traditional coat of cream.

Thankfully, either way, it is still look good although deep inside, I wish it could be
coated with glimmering gold leaf instead of normal paint ... eheh ~

( Kelantan kan ada emas ? )

" Alang alang menyeluk pekasam, biar sampai ke pangkal lengan ! "



Present day Masjid Besar Kota Bharu ( Masjid Muhammadi ) :



* Tips : Right click on mouse, open in a new tab







* Pasar Besar Kota Bharu

.. or simply known as Pasar MPKB ( Majlis Perbandaran Kota Bharu ).

Located in the heart of old Kota Bharu, surrounded by pre-War shop houses.
It was the focal point of market-going in Kota Bharu before Pasar Besar Buluh Kubu
( later renamed to Pasar Besar Siti Khadijah ) came to the scene.

The above shot shows the vegetable section of the market.

The entire market itself was dominated by women traders, an interesting feature or
characteristic, still prevail and unique to Kelantan, a rarity in other corners of Malaysia.
Here, some of them are seen engaging in business, each with a piece of clothing
called " kain batik lepas " carefully wrapped around their heads, serving as both
decent Muslim head covering and also as a cushion for balancing goods on their
heads during transportation - an art, now very rarely seen today.

While women continue to dominate the Kelantanese market scene, their traditional
appearance, particularly their unique headgear is now disappearing, dying out slowly,
replaced by the contemporary " tudung bawal " and the likes. Only a handful of old timers
are still seen donning the " semutar " * in the town's marketplaces, with relatively
slightly larger presence in the rural areas.

* when worn by men, it is known as a " semutar ". Not sure what they call it when
worn by the opposite sex, though they both are practically the same thing ...


* Interesting Read : " From the Governor's Desk : An Old Lady in “Smuta” "

On the other hand, notice how the use of bicycles was very common in those days.
Almost everyone was using it, both young and old, mainly by those in the middle and low
income group. Now, almost all turned to motorbikes ( if not cars ) and bicycles are
getting rarer except probably among school children, but not without a price - the fuel
hike threat ! Affecting everyone like never before !

Would it be great if we could have bicycles back on our streets ?

( For the note, cities in Japan are extremely hospitable to cyclists .... )


Present day vegetable section of Pasar Besar MPKB ( or now, Pasar Lama Arked MPKB ) :



* Tips : Right click on mouse, open in a new tab







* Pasar Besar Kota Bharu : The Fish Section

Same market as the above, but different section.

( though located just side by side in the small market place ! )

In those days, sea produce were sold at open air markets like this one.
Unlike today, plastic shopping bags were scarce and limited only to established,
high end shops and the only way the humble, down-to-earth fishmongers to send away
their goods was to carefully wrap them in paper ( of used or old newspapers, a small
pile could be seen on the table in the above photo ) and placed them into the awaiting
customer's basket. It was the time when shopping baskets were very common and
sanitary problems related to plastic wrappers were almost unheard of.

The above fishmonger's main trade seemed to be Ikan Tenggiri ( King Mackerel ),
which he proudly displayed on his work table. The fish is considered good eating and
now priced at an average of RM 20 ~ 24 per kilo. Quite expensive for daily consumption
by most Kelantanese. I wonder how much it was then ? RM 5 per kilo maybe ? Huh ?
Should certainly be a lot cheaper back then, as low as the average salaries of those
days .... Talk about inflation and ever shrinking buying power ~ !

Closer to the floor, placed together on the red fringed tray along with two Tinfoil Barbs,
is Ikae Belukour ( Marble Goby ). The fish, highly prized by the Chinese for its tender
white flesh, was sold at prices higher than any other fish, and still is now. I remember it to
be quite common back then but is hardly found now. Either the wild stock has already
somewhat depleted or the price is now too much for normal consumption ?

I wonder .....

( I am told that it is priced at RM 90 per kilo nowadays ! )


Present day Pasar MPKB ( or now, Pasar Lama Arked MPKB ) :



* Tips : Right click on mouse, open in a new tab








* Padae Bbeng ..

aka Padang Bank, when it was less concrete ( and fencing ) and more greenery.

( I believe in public spaces with little or no fencing at all )

The field is actually known formally as Padang Merdeka, after a declaration of
independence from the British ( Kelantan was a British protectorate, and a part of
British Malaya ) was made here in 1957.

The field itself is historical.

The white cenotaph was there since 1918 and was put up to remember the British
dead in the European conflict of 1915 ~ 1918, who were sent from Kelantan ( were in
the service of the then Kelantan Government ). On its four sides, are bronze plaques,
bearing the deceased names and some other descriptions in English, Malay, Chinese
and Indian, which I found to be rather ironic, for the site was also where the British had
the dead body of Tok Janggut hung upside down in 1915, for rising up against the
British in what claimed by growing number of historians, as stemmed from the British
war with the Muslims i.e. the Ottoman Turks during the time ( World War I ) ..

At present, the Padang is occasionally used for The Sultan's Birthday Parade and some
other related events.


Present day, Padae Bbaeng :



* Tips : Right click on mouse, open in a new tab







* Ghertock Sultae Yahyo Petra

.. aka Jambatan Sultan Yahya Petra.

The most famous bridge in Kelantan, as seen here from Kota Bharu side, overlooking
the wide, lush and fertile flood plain of Kampung Sireh Bawah Lembah.

It spans across the Kelantan River over a mile or so, connecting Jajahan Tumpat
( Pasir Pekan ) with Jajahan Kota Bharu ( Kampung Sireh ). Built and officially
opened in the 60s, it was the first and only bridge built across the Kelantan River
which really fit road travelling vehicles. Although the Guillemard Bridge of Tanah
Merah - Machang preceded this bridge by almost 50 years earlier, the Guillemard
was built with rail travelling in mind and not for cars and such.

Now, much of the flood plain has been reclaimed, made higher with tonnes of sand
pumped from the river and is currently being developed into a free hold, new
commercial district of Kota Bharu and as for the bridge itself, a second link
( two of them actually ) is currently being built, next to it, to reduce traffic
congestion and smooth up flows.


Present day Ghertock Sultae Yahyo Petra :



* Tips : Right click on mouse, open in a new tab






EQUALLY INTERESTING !




* Jalan Temenggong in 1927 ...

... under the surging ( receding ? ) flood water of the first Bah Merah i.e. The First
Great Red Flood ....

The same scale of flooding repeated itself 40 years later in 1967, and interestingly the
same force struck again some 40 years later in 2004, making researchers to think it as
a 40 years cycle flood that might hit Kelantan again, particularly Kota Bharu between
2044 ~ 2047 .. ( Hidup lagi ker aku time tuh !? )

For the note, motorised vehicles startedto appear in Kelantan around the beginning of
the 20th century, particularly after the Bangkok Agreement of 1909 ..

Image taken from Warisan Kelantan VIII ( Muzium Negeri Kelantan, 1989) ; p.137




* Jalan Temenggong through time, ( from left ) in 1927, in the early 80s, and in late 2009.






ON THE OTHER HAND ...




* 1980s KUALA TERENGGANU !

Another key town of the East Coast, Kuala Terengganu, the state capital of
Terengganu Darul Iman, located some 200 km to the south east of Kota Bharu.

This early 1980s street scene of the coastal town is taken from the same set of
postcards as the above featuring Kota Bharu. Believed to be taken and printed in the
same time period thus making it a fair comparison on the rate and magnitude of
progress achieved by the two East Coast Malay-majority townships during the time.

Do compare the street scene and the town appearance with those of Kota Bharu.

I wonder how Kuala Terengganu compares to Kota Bharu now ?

( can anyone tell me what is the name of this road ? There's a cinema on the left. )









Saturday, 26-Dec-2009 12:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Distinctively KeLaTté : Nikah Kahwin dan Kelantan

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Distinctively KeLaTté :


Nikah Kahwin dan Kelantan ...




~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


Musim Cuti Sekolah sebegini memang banyak jemputan nikah kahwin ..

( jemputan majlis bertunang pun ada weihh ! )

.. dan rasanya seronok juga jika entri kali ini menyentuh soal tersebut,

lebih-lebih yang bersangkut paut dengan Kelantan !


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~






* Gambar hiasan ...




Dalam soal nikah kahwin ....

... tidak sedikit yang mengatakan bahawa Orghae Kelaté " tidak ada adat " !

Mungkin istilah " tidak ada adat ", " tiada beradat " , " tidak mementingkan adat ", " tidak mengikut adat ", atau seumpamanya itu kurang tepat kerana bagi orang Kelantan, adat itu memang ada dan diutamakan dan yang dikatakan adat itu adalah apa yang telah ditetapkan oleh syarak, baik Al Quran mahupun As Sunnah ...

Bak kata orang Minang,

" Adat basandi syarak, syarak basandi kitabuLlah, syarak mangato adat mamakai " *


* ungkapan di atas dikatakan muncul setelah berlakunya krisis pada awal abad ke-19
antara kem tradisionalis Minang yang berpegang erat kepada Hukum Adat khususnya
Adat Perpatih dan lain-lain amalan pra-Islamik, dengan kem Tuanku Imam Bonjol,
seorang reformis Minang yang mahukan Hukum Islam diletakkan mendahului Hukum
Adat di bumi Minang. Apa yang ironik, perselisihan ini berakhir dengan kejatuhan
kuasa politik Orang Minang ke tangan Belanda. Satu kisah sejarah yang cukup
memberikan pengajaran dan wajar dijadikan renungan bersama.

Boleh baca kisahnya di sini ...

( Kini wajah Tuanku Imam Bonjol menghiasi nota Rupiah Indonesia 5000 )

Dari ungkapan di atas maka lahir pula, " Biar Mati Anak, Jangan Mati Adat ",
yang kini menjadi bahan sindiran sinis, " kalau mati anak, siapa yang nak bawa adat ? "
oleh ramai pihak, seperti yang saya pernah dengar dari satu lagi yang dibawa oleh
Tan Sri S.M. Salim ( lagu apa yer ? )



Oleh yang demikian, dalam hal nikah kahwin pun, Orghae Kelaté sebenarnya sangat mengikut adat, tetapi setakat mana yang disyarakkan oleh Islam sahaja. Mana yang tidak, akan dinyahkan ( contoh yang paling jelas adalah Adat Bersanding / Menepung
Tawar yang telah dilenyapkan oleh Orghae Kelaté kerana dikatakan tidak Islamik dan
meniru amalan pra-Islamik i.e. Hindu ) ...

Mudah kata, apa yang diungkapkan orang Minang, sebenarnya telah dikotakan oleh orang Kelantan !

( Disclaimer : Kenyataan di atas tidak terbit kerana Kelantan kalah dengan Negeri Sembilan dalam Piala Malaysia lepas .. atau kerana sebarang niat selain suci hati .. eheh ~ )

Baiklah ...

Yang berikut adalah apa yang saya dapat kumpulkan berkenaan adat nikah kahwin di Kelantan.

Dipersilakan beri maklum balas atau teguran jika apa yang saya faham di sini adalah tidak tepat atau perlukan huraian / penjelasan lebih lanjut :



DARIHAL SEBELUM NIKAH :


1) Merisik

Dikatakan tidak berbeza dengan apa yang diamalkan di negeri-negeri lain.

Wakil keluarga si lelaki atau pihak ketiga yang ' ditugaskan ' oleh pihak lelaki, akan mengadakan lawatan ke rumah keluarga si perempuan.

Sekiranya " line clear ", adakalanya pihak lelaki akan menghadiahkan sebentuk cincin belah rotan sebagai tanda " pre-booking " ...

Seterusnya, peminangan ( booking ! ) akan menyusul.


2) Meminang ( Bertunang )

Biasanya Orghae Kelaté tidak menekankan pertunangan.

Biasanya terus kahwin atau bertunang hari ini, esok kahwin. Sebab tak baik simpan lama-lama .. he he ~ ( " huduh benar duk kileik anok orghae ", kata Orghae Kelaté )

Tetapi bukan bermakna tiada atau ianya sesuatu yang asing.
Bahkan sekarang, saya lihat makin ramai yang nak bertunang dahulu, malah semakin gah, lengkap dengan hiasan ala ala pelamin ( " manjangae " kata Orghae Kelaté )

Yang pasti, majoriti majlis pertunangan di Kelantan adalah biasa-biasa sahaja, dan yang boleh dikatakan " noteworthy " adalah pada " hadiah pertunangan " di mana Orghae Kelaté lebih mengutamakan barangan berbanding pemberian makanan yang diamalkan di sesetengah negeri-negeri lain ( khususnya di sebelah Utara ? ) ...


3) Pernikahan

Bagi Orghae Kelaté, ' hantaran ' akan diangkat dalam akad nikah bersekali dengan mas kahwin yang telah ditetapkan nilainya mengikut negeri.

' Hantaran ' bagi orang Kelantan adalah hak milik si pengantin perempuan dan tidak boleh disentuh sama sekali sebagai " Belanja Kahwin " melainkan mendapat persetujuan si pengantin perempuan ( jangan harap lah ! ) ..

Pendek kata, " belanja kahwin " lain cerita !

( cerita " belanja kahwin " duduk dalam tajuk seterusnya, " Darihal Selepas Nikah " )








* Gambar hiasan ...

Sebuah Majlis Pertunangan di LUAR Kelantan ...





DARIHAL SELEPAS NIKAH ( MAJLIS KENDURI ) :

* sebelum tu, jenguk lah ini dulu " Distinctively KeLaTte : BAEKWOH " ....

* Baekwoh = Kenduri Kahwin !!


Adalah menjadi kebiasaan di Kelantan, bagi perbelanjaan baekwoh ( belanja kahwin ) di pihak pengantin perempuan tidak ditanggung sepenuhnya ( atau kesemuanya ! ) oleh pihak pengantin lelaki.

Tiada ketetapan seperti yang biasa diamalkan di luar Kelantan di mana pihak lelaki semestinya menanggung kenduri di sebelah pengantin perempuan tetapi sebaliknya tidak berlaku bagi kenduri sebelah pengantin lelaki !

Sebaliknya " Belanja Kahwin " di Kelantan di " cover " dengan tatacara berikut :


1) Mengaellae / Ngaellae

( Entah lah, apa makna " Mengaellae " dalam bahasa standard ? )

Tetamu datang dengan membawa duit hadiah ( duit ngaellae, kata Orghae Kelaté ) dengan menghulurkan terus kepada ibu / bapa pengantin.

Jumlah standard tidak ditetapkan tetapi pemberian antara RM 10 ~ RM 50 adalah paling biasa diamalkan. Bawah daripada jumlah biasa tersebut, biasanya orang malu nak hulur atau tak akan hulur !

( Jangan kasi 50 sen dah la ! )

Niat ngaellae ini dapat diketahui dengan terang dan jelas melalui perkataan " Walimatul Urus " atau " Majlis Perkahwinan " pada kad jemputan.


2) Ngaellae Baessae

( " Baessae " atau dalam bahasa standard, " Bisan " atau " Besan " )

Bisan saling memberikan duit belanja kahwin berdasarkan jumlah kepala tetamu yang pihak masing-masing ingin jemput.

Contohnya, majlis kahwin diadakan di pihak lelaki, ibu bapa pihak perempuan mahu menjemput 100 orang dari kalangan kenalannya ke majlis pihak lelaki itu, atas kos RM 15 sekepala. Maka, dia akan beri RM 1500 belanja kahwin kepada pihak lelaki atas nama "ngellae baessae".

Dalam erti kata mudah, masing-masing saling menanggung kos majlis kahwin di kedua-dua belah pihak.


3) Majlis Kesyukuran

Tetamu dijemput datang untuk dijamu dan diraikan sahaja.

Duit ngaellae tidak diharapkan bahkan adakalanya menjadi " taboo " jika dihulur. Sekiranya terhulur juga, tuan rumah akan menolak dengan sopan, dengan ayat seperti,

" Eh, bukae wak ngaellae nih, kesyukurae jah. Sippae sippae ~ ".

Tiada ketetapan siapa yang perlu menanggung kos majlis.
Biasanya ditanggung oleh ibu bapa ( jika kaya raya ! ) atau pengantin atau kedua-dua, hanya di pihak yang ingin mengadakan majlis. Mudah kata, pihak lelaki tanggung sendiri majlis di pihak lelaki, dan begitulah sebaliknya di pihak perempuan ( jika dia mahu adakan kesyukuran dan bukan " ngaellae " ).

Namun demikian, adalah sopan jika tetamu datang dengan membawa hadiah berupa barangan kepada pengantin dan bukannya berlenggang dengan tangan kosong. Kalau di kampung-kampung, adalah menjadi kebiasaan untuk menghadiahkan gula, susu pekat manis atau beras segantang ....

Niat " kesyukuran " ini dapat dibaca dari perkataan " Majlis Kesyukuran " yang tertera pada kad jemputan.

( Saya dapati trend Majlis Kesyukuran semakin popular di Kelantan pada masa sekarang, tidak kira di pihak lelaki mahupun perempuan )


4) Ngennar

Terbitan dari perkataan " memperkenal ".

Keluarga pengantin akan mengumumkan, semasa majlis kenduri berlangsung, kepada sekalian tetamu untuk masuk bertemu, bersua muka dan berkenalan dengan pengantin.

Semasa masing-masing bersalam dengan pengantin, sampul berisi wang akan diselitkan ke tangan pengantin, dan wang tersebut adalah bagi maksud perbelanjaan kenduri kahwin berkenaan dan biasanya bukan bagi simpanan peribadi pengantin.

( Lebih kurang macam " ngaellae " jugak laa ... )




KESIMPULAN


Adat perkahwinan Orghae Kelaté boleh disimpulkan :

1) Demi memudahkan ....
    Mengutamakan kelancaran proses nikah kahwin itu sendiri dengan niat bagi
    memudahkan dan menggalakkan orang bernikah kahwin selain turut bertujuan
    menjaga hubungan antara pihak keluarga lelaki dan pihak keluarga perempuan.



2) Bukan Untuk Dijual !
    Tidak mahu mewujudkan sangkaan " jual mahal " atau " jual anak "
    ( seolah ingin " memeras " pihak lelaki dengan " tebusan " dsb ).
    Bagi Orghae Kelaté, kedua-dua pihak dilihat perlu saling berkorban, yakni saling rugi
    dan saling untung, demi ' mendirikan masjid ' ...

    Pendek kata, Mek Kelaté tidak " demanding " ! Eheh ~



3) " Awae, carghi orghae Kelate lah ! "
    Peningkatan Orghae Kelaté yang berkahwin dengan ' orghae luwaa '
    ( bukan Anak Kelantan ) menyebabkan berlakunya " pertembungan budaya "
    yang tidak kurang malah sering juga mencetuskan keresahan di pihak Orghae
    Kelaté, khususnya bagi kaum lelaki, sehingga menyebabkan ayat berikut
    menjadi semakin popular di kalangan ibu bapa di Kelantan pada masa kini :

    " Awae, carghi orghae Kelate lah, mudoh bassor sennae kirgho ... "

    He he he he ~


Diulangi, apa yang saya nyatakan di sini hanyalah dari tinjauan, pemantauan dan temubual sendiri sahaja.

Kalau salah, perlu diperbetul atau perlu ditambah, dipersilakan dengan segala hormatnya !!

Jemput, jemput ! Sila, sila ! Tambahlah, tambah !

( macam ajak makan baekwoh pula ! Aha ha ha ~ )






* Gambar hiasan ...

Sebuah majlis perkahwinan di pihak lelaki di Kota Bharu.

Bersanding bukan amalan orang Kelantan, yang ini diadakan cuma untuk bergambar
kenang kenangan sahaja.





* Previously in Distinctively KeLaTté :





Thursday, 17-Dec-2009 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Roku Shū Nen : 17 Dec 2003 ~ 17 Dec 2009

.



ROKU SHŪ NEN * :


17 Dec 2003 ~ 17 Dec 2009


* Ulang Tahun ke-6




Mak aiiiiih !

Enam tahun !!?

Sama ada masa berlalu terlalu pantas

atau aku yang terlalu ralit dan hanyut ....

( yang pasti, sekarang tidak lagi se " seronok " dulu .... )

Emmm .... Tapi sampai bila ?

Nanti lah .... lilin pun pasti padam ...

apabila masanya sudah tiba ...







* atau boleh jenguk yang ini tak pun dengar sahaja yang ini ~



Quote:


    Aku tak kan bertanya
    Apakah nanti balasannya
    Setiap pengorbanan setiap pemberian
    Demi satu ikatan

    ......................

    Aku senang begini
    dapat terus berbakti

    Dengan cara sendiri ....



    " Biar Ku Menjadi Lilin " - Pelangi ( 1986 )








Tuesday, 8-Dec-2009 00:30 Email | Share | | Bookmark
WORLD WAR II IN KELATTÉ : Hello Gong Limau, Goodbye Pak Amat (2)

.



WORLD WAR II IN KELATTÉ :


Hello Gong Limau,

Goodbye Pak Amat ..... ( 2 )




~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


A backdated entry as an update for the previous entry with the same title.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~




UPDATED 22 DEC 2009 :





* A lone pillbox by the runaway ....

... of what used to be the British Military Airfield of Pengkalan Chepa.

This pillbox, along with several other pillboxes ( some still remain ) once served as a
part of the heavy fortification built by the British around the airfield as a defensive
measure against any attack targeting the strategic site.

The Japanese, realizing the threat posed by the airfield against their planned landings
in Pattani and Singgora, decided to first neutralize it by mean of an invasion through
Kuala Pak Amat and nearby beaches, which was launched just after midnight on that
fateful 8th December 1941 day.

Amidst heavy resistance, the airfield fell to the Japanese hands in less than a day.
The British retreated south but not before they blew up parts of the runaway to avoid
the Japanese from turning it against them. The Japanese however reacted immediately
by hiring locals to do the fixing, an experience, channeled to me by my granduncle who
happened to be one of the hired labourers.

He was living in Salor at that time, some 20 km away from Pengkalan Chepa and had to
walk the distance on foot daily, stopping only briefly for some rest at several wayside
charity houses ( Wakaf ) which dotted the roadsides of Kelantan. Though roughly treated
( he could still remember and pronounce correctly the Japanese insults uttered to him by
his supervisors ), he told me how he was properly paid for his work, at 50 cent a day.
Indeed the first one or two years of Japanese occupation in Kelantan was fine, until
inflation went beyond control and all available foodstuff got confiscated and diverted to
feed the occupier's soldiers ...

After the war, the military airfield was turned into a civilian airport.
The nearby barracks were maintained however, now as a military camp for the
8th Brigade of the Royal Malay Regiment ( Rejimen Askar Melayu DiRaja ) or
known locally as, Kem Pengkalan Chepa.

As for the airport, it is currently known as the Sultan Ismail Petra Airport of Pengkalan
Chepa - a much renowned airport in the East Coast. It currently caters to the highest
number of passengers in the region ( 2008 : 836,060 ) with highest number of trips per
day, beating that of Kuantan ( 2008 : 259,529 ) and the " international " airport of Kuala
Terengganu ( 2008 : 487,495 ).

* Ref : The Malaysian Airports Website

The airport also serves as a training school for one of only three currently operating
flying schools in Malaysia ( the other two are in Langkawi and Malacca, not including
the one in Ipoh which is a helicopter training school ) and the airplanes seen in the
above shot are among those owned by the school - the APFT.






* Aerial view of Sultan Ismail Petra Airport ....

The Pengkalan Chepa River is seen through this shot, below at the right hand corner.

Close by, where the river meets the sea is Kuala Pak Amat, where the historical
landing took place ...

* Image taken from : Ahmet Akin Diler @ Jetphotos.net






MORE SUGGESTED READINGS :


Vintage Aeroplane Writer : Remember the 8th that came before the 7th.

Awazisan Maru : Japanese Transport Ship Sank off Kuala Pak Amat Dec 1941

Antigravity.com : Diving The Japanese Invasion Wreck

Malaysia Diving Community Forum : Awajisan-maru Wreck Diving





* The twisted propeller and parts of the engine from RAAF Hudson A16-19 ....

... which was used against the Japanese transport ships during the Kuala Pak Amat invasion.

The part comes from one of two Hudsons that were lost during the attack. It laid on the
seabed off Kuala Pak Amat until 1976, when it was found, fished out and then taken to
Australia.

Currently on display at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.

Read more about it : http://www.pacificwrecks.com/aircraft/hudson/A16-19.html

* Clik image for the original source







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