By: RaY KinZoKu

[Recommend this Fotopage] | [Share this Fotopage]
[<<  <  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  [22]  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  >  >>]    [Archive]
Sunday, 22-Apr-2007 23:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark




yang menghayun boneka

di balik tabir putih

di atas pentas

bernama dunia .....

* Kanak-kanak leka bermain dengan boneka wayang kulit pada malam persediaan program Digi's Amazing Malaysian di Kampung Kraftangan, Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Acara sebenar berlangsung pada malam berikutnya ( Sabtu, 21 April ) dengan persembahan pendek Wayang kulit dan disertai persembahan lain oleh beberapa artis tempatan.


Dari entri yang terdahulu :

* Klik foto untuk keterangan lanjut.

Woyae Kuleik dan nafas baru :

* New Straits Times, 21 April 2007 - Prime News, muka 13
Sumber internet : New Straits Times Online - " A modern twist to classic tales "


The father of two spent his teenage years learning the craft from his grandfather and also from the legendary tok dalang, Pak Hamzah or Hamzah Awang Amat, who died in 2001. But in the past five years, he has come up with his own storylines and inserted themes like drug abuse and hell racing in popular local tales, such as in the tragic love story of Uda and Dara — the local version of Romeo and Juliet.

Mohd Nizam said he preferred the new stories rather than the traditionally elaborate and lengthy classic tales of Ramayana and Mahabharata.


"An interesting, educational show can teach young people to stay away from unhealthy activities," he said, adding that the state government would organise a competition to further promote the art.

Cousins Shafik Khairi, 16, and Muazim Omar, 17, are among the teenagers who frequent the wayang kulit shows at Gelanggang Seni. Both agree the shows are interesting and educational.

"We like coming here as the shows are interesting and modern, unlike the traditional ones which can be boring and lengthy.

Pembawakan lagu dikir barat dalam persembahan Woyae Kuleik :

* Video klip. Klik foto untuk tayangan.

Animasi lucu yang diilhamkan dari watak komedi dalam Woyae Kuleik
( Sa'id, Wok Yoh dan Samat ) :


Nota :
Tapi kenapa " Woyae Kuleik " dan tidak " Wayang Kulit " ?
Sekadar membezakan dan merujuk khusus kepada Wayang Kulit Kelantan yang berbeza dengan Wayang Kulit lain di Asia Tenggara.

" A living culture is
always experimenting and trying new things
and a dead culture stays the same .... "

Thursday, 12-Apr-2007 20:03 Email | Share | | Bookmark

Dilihat dari luar pagar, dari tepi jalan
Bahagian anjung adalah tambahan baru
Tangga sepatutnya di sisi
View all 33 photos...

Lost and Found :



Take the road from the UKM Bangi junction, in the direction of Bangi Lama and
pay attention to your right.

( Well, of course, if you are driving, do mind your front too

... and I shouldn't be held liable if you don't ! )

Very soon you will pass a hillside and from afar, a big wooden structure of what looks
like a house would appear, standing inside a fenced area, amidst lush greeneries of
what seems to be an orchard.

Those with trained eyes and good knowledge will find the roof tiles being distinctively
East Coast and the architectural being typical to that of northeastern region of the
peninsular. The fact that the land is owned by the nearby university, Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia
( UKM ), probably would make most people to think it as
another "school project", dedicated to related fields of learning.

Quite true, but I wonder how many people do realise that the house was in fact brought
all the way down from Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Few, I think. Even fewer are aware of the
fact that it also used to be home for three generations of one Kelantanese Royal family
that brought me to this World ....

I dedicated this entry to my late father,
who loved his family and held pride in the old house, so much ....

A story of mixed emotions about a family house

that was once lost .... but again found ... far away on a strange land.


Near the turn of the 20th century, Kelantan ( regardless the baseless territorial claim from the expansionist Bangkok regime ) was still an independant, self-ruled, sovereign entity in the East Coast of the Malay Peninsular, yet to be formally incorporated into British Malaya.

The jealousy between the two powers resulted the state to become some sort a refuge, a safe haven for the ages old Malay culture and art, much of those already being smeared or contaminated by Siamese influences up in the isthmus and by British Western ideals down south. In Kelantan, local feudal rulers became patrons of culture and art, from court rituals, sports, performances to metal workings and wood carvings. Creating rooms for many unique skills, hardly found anywhere else in the region, to thrive and prosper.

Around the same time, a noble lady, an immediate member of the ruling family, requested for a house to be build for her at what is now Jalan Mahmood in Kota Bharu. She was in fact the daughter of Sultan Ahmad, the Ghajo or the ruler who ruled Kelantan between 1886 ~ 1889. Her name was Tengku Bongsu and her husband was Tengku Chik. In days when the best craftmen were often placed under direct patronage of the rulers, expert carpenter(s) and woodcarvers were soon put to work. Using the best selected hardwoods and combined with skills enherited from old Langkasuka, they toiled to build a grand residence for the couple. The house was eventually finished and they both moved from their previous home at somewhere near the present day Jalan Tengku Chik in Kota Bharu to settle down in the new house for good.

They were my great grandparent.

Reeling again back in time, this time getting quite personal,
the house was home to my great grandparents, my grandparents, uncles, aunties, cousins and of course also to my late father too. My father was born, brought up and spent much of his life there. He always wanted the majestic, old house to be turned into a living family museum, that stands shoulder to shoulder with Istana Jahar alike. He never thought of replacing or selling it away, hoping that by preserving it would preserve the family legacy as well, right here in Kota Bharu.

The house is not like any typical, common Kelantanese house that you might know of.
It was a house akin to any other houses meant for prominent Kelantanese feudal families of those days. It was built using specific designs which were only reserved exclusively for the royal blooded. Which means, no matter how capable a commoner is ( say, a rich merchant or an expert carpenter ), he never dare building or decorating his own house similar to his social superiors, solely out of respect and reverence.

My late father was proud of it so much that he made a model of the earliest design of his grandparent's house and had it displayed at the entrance, which was really a hall ( balai ) to receive visitors, a unique space normally found in the houses of traditional Malay aristocrats. He treasured his family, believed firmly that the children deserves to be made aware of their past to better prepare for the future. He was a man of visions, man of methods and many times, he managed to turn them into realities. But he died, ten years before the last occupant, his aunt, Tengku Fatimah Zaharah passed away .......

After his death, things strayed far from what he wished.

The last occupant cum last owner died without leaving any descendant and the house fell to the mercy of remaining nephews. It seems that different people has different priorities, different plans in life and unfortunately, none of them shared what my late father dreamed of. The dream went to the grave with him and the house fell into disrepair. The events that followed are too complicated and too personal to mention and the house ended up being sold to the Malaysian Department of Museums and Antiquities, dismantled and was taken away - totally gone from sight.

* IMAGE UPDATED 2 SEP 2008 : The house during its final days in Kota Bharu.

Image courtesy of SHAARI NTQT.

Terima kasih atas budi baik saudara.

* The house former site in Kota Bharu, now covered with wild vegetations. Slightly hidden from the hustle and bustle of the Kelantan state capital. Seen in the background is Hospital Besar Kota Bharu ( red roof ) or formally known as Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II.

Struck and rather saddened by the move, I waited for years and years, to know what actually happened to the house after they took it away.

The only clues to its whereabout were from these two articles, collected seven years ago by my mother from the local newspapers. I was away at a preparatory school in Bangi at the time, and remember coming home on one holiday, and was shown these :

* The New Straits Times ( 3 June 2000 ) - Click here for online version

* Utusan Malaysia ( 3 June 2000 )

Quite regularly I browsed the internet for any possible news on the so called " Muzium Etnologi Bangi " or " Ethnology of Malay World Museum " said to be built ( or supposed to have been built ) in Selangor, at this place called Bangi - the same place where I used to stay for a couple of years ( till early 2001 ) though it was not there during my stay.

Nothing of much help appeared from my Internet searches either but until very recently, I managed to find a site, with the informations to what I was hoping for years. *

( * UPDATED 5 May 2007 : Don't bother clicking the link, the owner had all the photos related to it, erased for some unknown reason - sensitive info perhaps ? To those wondering, they were photos of the house being rebuilt )

( * UPDATED 4 Nov 2009 : The owner / author of the said link was really kind enough to have them re-posted ( at a different link though ), even much better than before. Click HERE to see what I meant ... Thank you so much, En.Shaari ! )

Though it didn't reveal any clue to its exact location and current condition but at least, I knew then that my search is over. I got the rough idea that it is somewhere in Selangor, in Bangi. To be exact, somewhere within Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia ground. I told myself that I need to go and see it again. I really have to. Thankfully, it came to me later that I do know someone from the UKM who could probably lend a hand. A former schoolmate to be exact - currently working as an Assistant Consultant at the UKM Pakarunding.

So I contacted him, told him a little bit from my story and asked him to find out the house exact location and the date it opens to the public - hoping that I could make it there somehow in the future. Days later he replied with details of its whereabout, some supporting photos but informed me that the area is locked and currently off limit to the public. Well, I had expected that and was hoping that it would open anytime soon when he went on telling me that if I insist, he could arrange an appointment with the person-in-charge who could show me inside. Delighted and more than interested, I agreed.

On Friday morning, 30th March 2007, I found myself in Bangi, standing inside an area surrounded by flowering Durian trees - an orchard while overlooking the house where my late father was born and grew up. Finally, after seven years of fruitless search, there it was ~ in front of me. I was not alone that day. With me was my eldest brother ( who lives nearby and was invited along ), the friend, the person-in-charge of the house, an architect attached to the university - Ar. Mastor Surat and one of his student. Never thought that the university itself would give us ( me and not to forget my bro ) this special honor, a chance to look again into our missing past ....

* Those are not windows but doors to what used to be rooms. ( Photo credit to Saiful Amri )

Ar. Mastor ( I shall addressed him here on with his formal title ) led us into the house, which was nicely rebuilt and restored, but missing parts made it to be slightly smaller than it was. He told us that the house was kept all the while at Lukut for some reasons that he himself seemed reluctant to elaborate.

The first thing that I noticed was that the porch is not as what it used to be. Obviously it is a very recent addition that didn't come all the way from Kota Bharu. Even the stairway doesn't point to the previous direction ( it should point sideways ). From my Mom's descriptions, I also know that those big " windows " are in fact doors, leading to more rooms and spaces which had long deteriorated and probably got discarded during the dismantling work. In fact, I would say that the structure seen here is only about 50% of the house original shape and size during its heyday. Ar. Mastor confirmed this and plans have been set up to revive the remaining structures based on relatives' descriptions.

* The amazing thing about this piece is that it was ( believed to be ) carved by Chinese Muslim artisan(s) who frequented the shores of the East Coast in the past, even the Arabic caligraphy ( Khat ) carvings greatly resemble those found in China's many mosques.

* One of the corridors. Notice the so called " Janda Berhias " wall panelling.

So, we went through each room and corridor of the old house, looking around while having Ar. Mastor explaining to us the amazing logic and practicality behind traditional Malay architectures. He stopped at certain points inside the house, pointing to some erroneous joints, fixings and additions made by the contractor(s) during the restoring work, which to him, demonstrate how people these days failed to fully understand the logic and science of living in the old days.

I was more amazed by the ambience and everything else inside, from carved wooden panels, the intricate designs of the so called " janda berhias " walls, strange but brilliantly fashioned wooden locks to old brass door knobs. The inside was so magnificent that I never thought that it would look that great - felt like slipping a hundred years into the past ! .... Even a lone antique safe box stole my attention, wondering why it came together with the house while the rest of the fixtures didn't make it ...... emmm ...

* In the old days, those with this kind of ornate wall were the royalties'.

* Inside the so called " Rumah Ibu ". The oldest part of the house. The number of pillars emphasize the former owner's special status in society.

The tour lasted for three hours in perfect weather condition, with the sun brilliantly shining overhead ( oh yes, with tonnes of mosquitoes too ! ). It was indeed something to remember, something that made me finally understand the reasons to my late father's wish and dream. I felt foolish for a while, thinking that I had been wandering around Kota Bharu, eyeing for any remaining magnificent old Kelantanese Malay house without knowing that what my great grandparent had left is already very special and is one of its kind, waiting only for me to discover .......

I asked Ar. Mastor later over some cold drinks at a nearby stall, why not on-site preservation ? Why not just leave it there in Kota Bharu and do all the restoration on site ? Isn't it far much better that way ? As it is so obvious that a historical house would not be much of history without its original surrounding or setting to relate to. Besides, aren't the dismantling and transportation works contribute more harm than good to the original make-up and the already fragile piece? Even the restoring work would certainly put them at risk from various degree of mistreatments, some of which already being detected from the restored Rumah Tengku Bongsu.

He seemed to agree but prefer to see it in a different way by relating to his experiences.
Things are not that easy, he claimed. Family feuds over lands, over status of the house itself, ages old sentiments and many more related issues are already contributing much difficulties in preserving the already dilapidated architectural artifacts, on site. Even the original location and its surrounding, over time, would drastically change thus might not do good to the building's well being. Besides, by having such buildings moved to a well designated site, nearer to the place where future generations could easily gain access, study and learn, is far better than having it the other way around, he claimed.

Personal experiences tought me that what he said are indeed true.
Eheh... though the last one seems to be made in favour of ( as it benefits more ) the university rather than the place of origin ( Kelantan ). Maybe the last reason is in fact the main reason for the house to be there ... ? Needless to say, I have to admit that the current fate of the family house is far much better now than before. They have all the fundings and for that, I sincerely believe that the house would be kept in good shape for at least another hundred years to come. Indeed, a good thing if seen in a constructive manner but personally, still a very difficult thing to live with when you have both Kelantanese and family pride in mind ( well, if there is any left of course ) ..... I bet Ar. Mastor would understand if he's in my shoes.

Either way, Ar. Mastor was indeed a great help.

Without him, we wouldn't be able to step into the house and would certainly miss all those valueable informations and knowledge that he happily shared with us. His help is much appreciated and nevertheless, I am totally proud of his work and dedication. He appeared to me, as a person who is very knowledgable and very proud in traditional Malay architecture, a true enthusiast I would say. He even proudly exclaimed that the best dwelling in the World is the traditional Malay House(s) - as there is no one else who makes similar to the Malays, pre-fabricated houses ( not tents ! ), with the intention of future dismantling, relocating and refixing it at any given location ! Yeah, I thought of that too !

Oh, before I forgot, just prior to the visit, we met up at his office at Jabatan Senibina UKM. There, at the entrance into his room were two miniature models of old traditional Malay buildings - one of Masjid Kampung Laut and another one of the long gone Istana Seri Akar or sometimes being referred as Istana Tengku Seri Akar of Kota Bharu. To him, the Istana Seri Akar was very unique as it was built prior to British intervention thus having the distinctive, true Malay architecture. He preferred to call it as Istana Tengku Putri instead, after the name of the first occupant. When asked why, he explained that builders of the past built houses in proportion to the size of the owner thus having it named after the first occupant is thought to be more appropriate. I agreed, which is why I decided to call the ( former ) family house as Rumah Tengku Bongsu and not the formally accepted " Rumah Tengku Fatimah Zaharah " ( see the newspaper cuttings above ).

Ar. Mastor also revealed that he is currently working on project to build life size replica of the two for the soon to come, Muzium Etnologi Melayu. His plan to revive the magnificent Istana Tengku Putri has been approved and currently under way. The Masjid Kampung Laut however, is currently put on hold. The Istana Tengku Putri will be rebuilt based on some surviving drawings of the original structure and probably shall be erected next to the Rumah Tengku Bongsu. Rather amazing as Tengku Putri and Tengku Bongsu were in fact sisters from the same parentage, both were daughters to the late Sultan Ahmad of Kelantan !

As it was nearing Solat Jumaat, we bid farewell to Ar. Mastor and his student at the entrance of Fakulti Kejuruteraan UKM. I spent the night at my brother's house and left home for Kota Bharu the next morning - thinking how Kelantan had lost one of its treasure again ... Well at least, lost in good way. At least, not at the antique shop or as piles of wooden rubble or by rotting in the open. Tried to be optimistic but deep inside, it is still emotionally hard to live with.

I thought Kelantan is the " Cradle Of Malay Culture, Art and Civilization ", as reputed by many tourist brochures and internet sites but ironically, things that prove or support the claim are slowly disappearing from the Kelantanese soil itself. That soon, I am afraid, we will only be known for what we didn't do, for what we failed to do ......

Maybe this is what my late father used to worry about.

Maybe this is what he wanted the children to see, to understand.

Will there be light in the other end ?

I have no idea ~

RELATED ( 1 ) :

* Rumah Tengku Bongsu ( stated here as " Istana Tengku Zaharah ", a misnomer ) being featured in the book " Spirit of Wood : The Art of Malay Woodcarving ~ Works by master carvers from Kelantan, Terengganu and Pattani " by Farish A. Noor and Eddin Khoo ( photo : David Lok ). The subject in focus is the " ukiran sesiku ", one of the house many carving styles.

The book :

RELATED ( 2 ) :

( sekadar maklumat sampingan, tiada perkaitan dibuat antara yang hidup atau mati )


According to Ar. Mastor, an old house is not just simply an old house.
There are also spirits ( he used the word " semangat " ) that dwell alongside humans. The older the house, the stronger their presence and the more respect they demand. Wallahu a'laam.

This particular note on Rumah Tengku Bongsu ( formally known as Rumah Tengku Fatimah Zaharah ) appeared from one of my Google searches. The original source to this claim was a private forum hosted by this site. I failed to reach the real source as it is a private forum, so had to use Google Cache to access it before had it copied and pasted here. Unfortunately now, the cache had gone and the post is no more traceable, so I only have this quote, with the credit goes to the anonymous forumer :


    Istana Kayu Rumah Tengku Fatimah Zaharah Dari Kelantan.

    Porjek pemindahan istana kayu niee dibuat oleh pihak Muzium Negara ke kawasan
    Taman Etanalogi di Bangi..(kawasan dusun kat depan UKM bangi ke lama Seremban)
    ..projek niee kemudian dibatalkan walaupun dipasang separuh siap kemudian rumah ini
    disimpan di Lukut sebab political..proses pemindahan pun memang dah mengalami
    macam-macam kerenah dan dugaan dan orang keje kejap jee tukar tukar sebab tak
    tahan dugaan.. Waktu pasang kat Bangi niee dulu.. bayangkan rumah yang waktu tuu
    separuh siap bila magrib jee tarak siapa budak keje aku yang berani naik..kalau tinggal
    rokok jee sampai sanggup pegi pekan bangi beli baru dari naik ambik.. aku pun tanya
    apasal.. diaorang just cakap keras...rumah tu.. aku lak kata memang laa keras sebab
    rumah tuu dari kayu cengal dan berlian...(aku tak duduk site seminggu sekali jee
    melawat) Suatu hari aku pegi site petang dan sampai magrib jee budak dah berenti
    keje.. aku take time jenjalan dalam rumah tuu waktu magrib tengah samar-samar
    gelab..tetiba ada satu perempuan baju putih tak nampak muka dia lalu depan aku siap
    wangi lagiee dari suatu dinding ke dinding yang lain dia pegi...ikut dia sekali hilang...
    jadiee yang niee laa diaorang risaukan rupanya...

    Ada kes budak keje aku waktu bukak rumah niee kat kelantan ambik satu paku besi
    panjang jenis lama tuu bawak balik katanya nak buat kenagan..sampai siang tak boleh
    tido sebab sepanjang malam perempuan sama datang mintak suruh serahkan paku

RELATED ( 3 ) :

* Jangkaan rekabentuk asal Istana Tengku Putri ( Istana Seri Akar ) berdasarkan kajian Ar. Mastor dan dari lukisan terukur yang sempat dibuat semasa tahun tahun akhir kewujudannya.

* Bazaar Tengku Anis bakal dibina di atas tanah yang dahulunya merupakan bekas tapak Istana Tengku Putri ( Istana Seri Akar ) di Jalan Tengku Seri Akar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan.


Setinggi dan sepenuh penghargaan buat Ar. Mastor Surat, Senior Fellow - Jabatan Senibina, Fakulti Kejuruteraan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia ( UKM ) Bangi dan Saiful Amri Md Nor, Pembantu Pakarunding, UKM-Pakarunding. Tanpa campurtangan kalian, mustahil impian saya tercapai.

~~~~~~~~~~ # ~ # ~ # ~ # ~~~~~~~~~~


Pada tahun 1966, banjir besar telah merosakkan struktur dan tapak sebuah masjid lama di Kampung Laut, Tumpat, Kelantan. Tahun berikutnya, 1967, perkara yang sama telah berlaku dan kali ini hampir melenyapkan terus masjid tersebut. Namun, ia masih mampu bertahan, menanti banjir besar seterusnya untuk menyelesaikan segala apa yang tertinggal.

Tahun 1968, struktur bersejarah itu yang dikenali sebagai Masjid Lama Kampung Laut, yang ketika itu dalam keadaan serba dhaif dan hanya menghitung masa terhumban ke dalam Sungai Kelantan, akhirnya telah diselamatkan. Ia telah dileraikan, dipindahkan dan didirikan semula di Nilam Puri, Kota Bharu iaitu 10 km dari tapak asalnya di Kampung Laut, Tumpat.

Allahyarham Tan Sri Mubin Sheppard melaporkan secara agak terperinci tentang operasi menyelamat berkenaan dalam jurnal bulanan Persatuan Sejarah Malaysia ( Malaysian Historical Society ) , edisi Disember 1970 antaranya :

dan disusuli dengan kenyataan ini :

Note :
Excerpts scanned from " The Oldest Mosque In Malaysia ; Moves To A Safer Site " by Tan Sri Mubin Sheppard ( The Malaysian Historical Society magazine, ' MALAYSIA in History ', Volume 13, December 1970 - Number Two )

Dari laporan berkenaan, beliau seolah olah ingin menggambarkan secara tersirat ( atau pun sudah tersurat ) bahawa pertama, tidak ada inisiatif dari pihak berkuasa mahupun penduduk tempatan untuk setidak tidaknya cuba menyelamatkan masjid berkenaan melainkan seolah olah sengaja dibiarkan untuk musnah. Kedua, tindakan menyelamat adalah dari inisiatif individu luar yang prihatin. Ketiga, tiada penglibatan yang signifikan dari pihak berkuasa dalam kerja pemulihan dan keempat, kos pemuliharaan adalah dari dana individu dan bukan awam !

Tak mengapalah. Itu perkara yang telah berlalu.
Tetapi ternyata amat berkhasiat jika diungkit bagi dijadikan iktibar.
Saya cuma tertanya tanya dengan keadaan sekarang. Adakah kita memiliki undang - undang tempatan atau paling kurang, polisi khusus dalam memulihara senibina silam agar kekal di tempat asalnya ( di negeri asalnya ) serta dapat disampaikan dalam keadaan yang boleh dimanfaatkan oleh umum ? Kenapa dibiarkan pihak luar terlebih dahulu mengambil inisiatif ? Dibiarkan khazanah sedemikian diangkut keluar ? Tidakkah sebegitu seolah olah menunjukkan kita tiada perasaan hormat, bangga dan kasih kepada khazanah sendiri ?

Saya ingin benar mengambil contoh dari Jepun.
Di Jepun, struktur binaan milik individu yang dikira amat bernilai dari segi nilai budaya dan sejarah akan sentiasa dipantau rapi oleh pihak kerajaan tempatan. Sekiranya pemilik dilihat tidak mampu lagi menjaganya dengan baik, pihak berkuasa akan memujuk si pemilik untuk menyerahkannya kepada mereka bagi dipulihara, dikekalkan dan dimanfaatkan oleh semua orang - yakni bagi dijadikan aset kebudayaan dan pelancongan setempat sekaligus membantu menaikkan nama dan memberi kebanggaan kepada anak tempatan. The logic is simple. If you own something that could draw others to you in amazement and awe, you should keep it well because once you lose it, you are John Doe !

Akan tetapi apa yang saya lihat di Kelantan tidak begitu ( entahlah, mungkin negeri lain pun sama ). Yang dipulihara dan dipelihara hanyalah apa yang dimilik penuh oleh kerajaan negeri sahaja. Mana yang tidak, diserah dan dipertanggungjawab sepenuhnya atas inisiatif peribadi si pemilik, sama ada ingin dijaga rapi dan dikekal atau dijual sebagai barang antik atau sekadar dijadikan kayu api ! Nampaknya tidak ada sebarang pemantauan dari pihak berkuasa tempatan bagi menentukan tindakan yang terbaik demi kemaslahatan umum masyarakat setempat. Apa yang berlaku kepada Rumah Tengku Bongsu adalah satu contoh yang terbaik !

Walau bagaimana pun, jika dilihat pada kes Masjid Kampung Laut, Kelantan boleh dikira beruntung kerana masjid berkenaan tidak dibawa keluar dari bumi Kelantan dan sekadar berpindah ke " sebelah rumah " sahaja ( boleh jadi idea Muzium Etnologi Melayu masih belum timbul di benak pihak kerajaan pusat ketika itu !? Kalau tidak, aku yakin ia juga akan berakhir di Bangi ! ). Paling kurang, pihak Persatuan Sejarah Malaysia ( sebuah NGO ? ) tidak memiliki perancangan atau niat lain melainkan sekadar ingin menyelamat. Kerana itu, anak Kelantan masih boleh berbangga kerana Masjid tertua di Malaysia letaknya di negeri mereka.

Bayangkanlah kalau sebaliknya berlaku.
Apa agaknya yang boleh kita banggakan dari warisan senibina kita yang unik ?
Rumah kedai moden berderet deret ? Kota Sri Mutiara ?? Pelangi Mall ? Kelantan Trade Center ? Kota Bharu Trade Center ? Atau keupayaan anak muda kita berlumba motorsikal di atas jalan awam ? -- errrr ... yang ternyata bukan sejenis warisan senibina ..

Emm .. yang kemudian itu pun bagus juga.
Mungkin kita perlu memperuntukkan satu sudut di Muzium Negeri ( yang aku yakin banyak ruang kosongnya ) berkenaan budaya Rempit di Kelantan.

Waaaah ! Aku setuju !!
Aku sanggup jadi pembekal bahannya !

( ketawa sarkastik ! )

" History repeats itself
and the more you know of the past,
the better prepared you are for the future "

Friday, 6-Apr-2007 18:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
SELINGAN : Lewat Petang di Kota Bharu

Lewat Petang Di Kota Bharu ~

* Masjid Muhammadi, Jalan Sultanah Zainab, Kota Bharu, Kelantan

How I wish I had a better camera ~

Sunday, 1-Apr-2007 16:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
MENGHARGAI WARISAN : Erti Sebuah Penyampaian

17 July 2005
23 SEP 2005
12 DEC 2006
View all 12 photos...

Gambar gambar perjalanan kerja menukar atap jenis Bata Singhorra pada sebuah bangunan kayu lama di Jalan Sultan, Kota Bharu, Kelantan.

Satu usaha yang baik dalam memulihara bangunan lama yang bersejarah !

Hayat atap bata Singhorra amnya adalah sekitar 20 tahun tetapi mampu bertahan lebih lama ( 50 ~ 100 tahun ? ) sekiranya buatannya berkualiti dan kayu penyangkutnya ( jerghia ) tahan reput.

Sehingga sekitar 1970-an, Bata Singhorra ( atau Senggora, Singgora ) banyak digunakan dalam pembinaan rumah rumah persendirian, khususnya dari binaan kayu di seluruh Kelantan dan Terengganu ( dan juga di Selatan Thai ).

Asalnya diperkenalkan dan dibawa masuk dari Singgora, sebuah wilayah Melayu di Segenting Kra ( atau politically correct nya " Songkhla ", Selatan Thai ), teknologi pembikinannya tersebar ke selatan dan diusahakan di banyak tempat di Kelantan dan Terengganu sebagai menampung permintaan yang kian meningkat ketika itu.

Apabila citarasa kepada rumah kayu beralih kepada rumah batu yang lebih kos efektif dan mampu menampung atap genting yang lebih tebal, kukuh, tahan lasak serta tahan lama, perusahaan atap Bata Singhorra jatuh merudum. Akibatnya, daripada berpuluh pengusaha atap jenis itu di Kelantan, kini, hanya tinggal satu sahaja yang kekal beroperasi iaitu di Bachok.

Keterangan lebih lanjut berkenaan atap bata Singhorra boleh diperoleh dari entry saya yang terdahulu : sekiranya berminat, sila klik ==> Distinctively KeLaTte : The Fish Scale Roof

~~~~~~~~~~ # ~ # ~ # ~ # ~~~~~~~~~~

Erti Sebuah Penyampaian

Alkisah, semasa di Jepun dahulu, salah satu aktiviti kegemaran masa senggang saya ( selain bermain Counter-strike online ! ) adalah melawat tempat tempat menarik yang berselerakan di sana ( walaupun selalunya jarang ada kelapangan masa dan fulus ).

Dahulu saya menetap di Osaka, bandar ke - 2 terbesar di Jepun selepas Tokyo, terkenal sebagai bandar industri dan pelabuhan yang terulung dan bersejarah. Osaka terletak di dalam wilayah Kinki ( Kansai ) yang dikenali sebagai the origin of Japanese civilisation, cultural and dentity - tempat asal identiti Jepun yang kita kenali sekarang. Osaka juga lebih awal diasaskan berbanding ibu negara Jepun sekarang.

Kiri : Peta wilayah Kansai ( atau lebih tepatnya, Kinki ).
Kanan : Sebuah pagoda lama di kalangan rumah rumah yang sezaman dengannya di pusat bandar Kyoto. Biarpun kabel elektrik bersawang di sana sini ( itulah harga sebuah kemajuan ! ) yang sedikit sebanyak menyumbangkan kepada " kecacatan ambience pekan lama" berkenaan, usaha memulihara yang ditunjukkan tetap mempersonakan dan menarik untuk dilawati !

Dari Osaka ke Nara sehingga ke Kyoto, dari Kyoto sehinggalah ke Himeji, terdapat pekan dan bandar - bandar bersejarah yang mana banyak berhimpunnya khazanah silam yang tersenarai sebagai World Heritage oleh UNESCO.

Malaysia juga boleh berbangga kerana Taman Negara Niah dan Kinabalu turut tersenarai ( dan kini ada usaha melobi UNESCO untuk mengisytiharkan Langkawi sebagai World Geopark ) - itu pun dalam kategori natural heritage ( alam semulajadi ) bukannya cultural heritage ( kebudayaan ). Walaupun ada cubaan untuk mencalonkan Pulau Pinang dan Melaka sebagai salah satu World Heritage bagi kategori berkenaan ( kebudayaan ), setakat ini, kalau tidak silap, hasilnya masih tak ke mana. Boleh jadi usaha yang kita tunjukkan masih belum cukup ? Atau pun mungkin kerana karenah politik dunia ? Wallahu a'laam ...

Berbalik kepada Jepun,
apa yang sebenarnya ingin saya nyatakan di sini adalah betapa di sana, warisan warisan silam begitu dihargai. Walaupun tenggelam di bawah arus kemodenan, ianya masih terpulihara, berterusan dipelihara dan disampaikan dengan gaya yang menarik perhatian segenap lapisan masyarakat.

Di Jepun, lawatan ke muzium dan tinggalan silam begitu menghiburkan dan mencetuskan imaginasi. Setiap pameran dipadankan dengan aliran peristiwa dan kronologi. Malah, pergerakan pengunjung juga dihalakan selari mengikut aliran berkenaan. Bahkan keterangan yang dibekalkan juga mudah difahami serta menepati bahan pameran.

Jikalau koleksi yang dipamerkan tidak mampu juga menarik minat sekalipun, ada tarikan sampingan yang pastinya tidak mengecewakan. Sebagai contoh, kawasan persekitaran dibentuk sebegitu rupa agar memberi kesan menarik setiap kali peralihan musim. Gugusan sakura pada musim bunga, momiji dan ichou pada musim luruh. Segalanya berlatar belakangkan kota, kuil dan kediaman silam dalam setting ( both natural and artificial ) yang begitu gah sekali. Keadaan sebegini secara tidak langsung menarik segenap lapisan masyarakat Jepun untuk mendekati dan mengenali tinggalan nenek moyang mereka, sekaligus berbangga.

Kita di Malaysia agaknya lain sedikit.
Aku kurang arif tentang Muzium di negeri lain tetapi di Kelantan, muzium yang ada, walaupun memiliki koleksi yang tidak ternilai, seolah olah ingin " menghalau " pengunjung. Hambar dan tidak menyerlah dari segi penyampaian serta persembahan sehinggakan ramai yang ke Muzium, hanya keluar dalam keadaan terpinga pinga. Boleh jadi, kalau tidak kerana dipaksa guru sekolah, tak ramai anak muda ( anak sekolah ) yang berminat untuk menjenguk tempat tempat sedemikian. Orang tua pula apatah lagi ! Jangan haraplah ( nampaknya lebih baik lepak di kedai kopi berbual isu politik ). Tak percaya ? Cuba bilang berapa ramai yang datang bersantai. Kalau ramai pun boleh jadi rombongan sekolah atau sekadar singgah bergambar sahaja. Persekitaran pun begitu. Walau tinggalan silam dijaga dan dihias rapi sekalipun, persekitarannya tetap berkecamuk dan mengusutkan minda. Boleh jadi persepsi yang kita pegang sekarang cuba menafikan hakikat sedemikian. Agaknya hanya melalui lawatan ke tempat orang ( saya sarankan Jepun ) sahaja yang dapat membuka mata serta menjadi iktibar ......

( Maaf. Aku baru sahaja dikecewakan dengan lawatan ke Muzium Negeri beberapa minggu yang lepas ... rasanya tak perlu diulas di sini. Betullah kata seorang warga Jepun kepada saya, Muzium Negeri Terengganu jelas lebih menarik ! )

Sejujurnya saya gemar membandingkan Kelantan dengan wilayah Kinki.
Secara umumnya, betapa banyak perkaitan yang boleh dibuat antara Kelantan dengan wilayah berkenaan. The Kinki Region ( or also generally being referred as Kansai ) is famous with the food, historical establishments, cultured people ( the "notorious" Kansai dialect ) and romantic old town ambience - very much like Kelantan in many ways I believe.

Maka, kenapa tidak Kelantan ? Kota Bharu ?
Ternyata dalam banyak brosyur pelancongan tempatan, Kelantan selalu dinyatakan sebagai " The Cradle of Malay Culture and Civilization ". So, why not continue to live up to that claim ? Paling kurang dalam aspek khazanah senibina seperti yang saya cuba paparkan di sini ?

Salah satu impian yang diharap menjadi kenyataan semasa hayat ini adalah untuk melihat satu sudut di celah bandar Kota Bharu, dijadikan satu zon eksklusif - Zon Warisan contohnya, di mana bangunan lama dipulihara ( jika masih tertinggal ) atau dibina semula ( jika sudah lenyap ). Satu kawasan di mana langkah saja kaki ke dalamnya, terasa seperti melangkau ke zaman silam ! Di Jepun, China dan saya yakin di sebelah Barat juga, konsep sebegini memang popular dan menjadi tumpuan ramai. I believe Kota Bharu deserves the same too and with the right intention, effort, commitment and move, I believe those are more than possible !

Apa apa pun, ianya tetap tertakhluk kepada pihak berkuasa dan awam, sejauh mana difikirkan perlu. Baru sahaja saya menyentuh perihal persepsi yang saya fikir wajar dikaji semula. Adakah memadai dengan apa yang ada sekarang ?

Nampaknya buat masa ini, angan angan aku jelas lebih menggunung berbanding realiti.
Dan dengan melihat trend yang ada sekarang, aku tidak fikir akan ada apa apa positive outcome yang menyebelahi pandangan aku ini.

Nak gapai bintang di langit, tangan tak sampai.
Kail panjang sejengkal, lautan dalam hendak diduga.

Cukuplah setakat ini.

Sekian, terima kasih.


Isu Pemuliharaan Bandar Warisan di Malaysia


    " Kota Bahru's architecture is modern and rather uninspiring
    but it's an interesting place and we had a nice time ...

From :


Sejujurnya saya tidak tahu apa selayaknya ia dipanggil kerana tidak pernah diberikan nama formal. Bahkan namanya sering berubah mengikut peredaran zaman dan fungsi.
Asalnya adalah kediaman Menteri Besar Kelantan sekitar awal abad ke-20, kemudian dijadikan sekolah dan pejabat Majlis Agama Islam dan terkini, merangkap "Muzium Islam Kelantan". Tak mengapalah, eloklah saya panggil " Rumah Lama Jalan Sultan " sahaja. Begitu agaknya lebih romantis .....

Rasanya tidak perlu untuk mengulas panjang lebar, sila baca petikan di bawah dan klik sumber asal untuk keterangan lebih jelas :


Bangunan ini asalnya adalah rumah kediaman bekas Menteri Besar Kelantan, iaitu Encik Hassan bin Mohd Salleh (1900-1920). la dibina pada tahun 1902 dan berasaskan gaya dan ciri-ciri bangunan rumah Melayu Kelantan - Pattani model penghujung abad ke-1-9 dan awal abad ke-20.

Bangunan ini diperbuat daripada kayu cengal terpilih dan atapnya pula menggunakan bata buatan Singgora yang terkenal lebar, tebal dan kukuh. Berbagai-bagai jenis ukiran menghiasi setiap pintu, tingkap dan ruang. Pada setengah tempat pula ukiran-ukiran ini memagar ayat-ayat suci al-Quran yang digubah dalam satu seni reka dan khat yang cantik dan menarik. Daun tingkapnya pula dibuat sedemikian rupa (sisik angin) untuk mendapatkan udara walaupun tingkapnya tertutup.


Sebelum diubahsuai pada tahun 1991 bangunan ini pernah diubahsuai sebanyak dua kali iaitu pada tahun 1917 dan 1962. Pengubahsuaian ini terpaksa dilakukan bagi menyesuaikan sebuah rumah kediaman kepada ruang-ruang pejabat. Tidak dapat dinafikan bahawa telah berlaku sedikit pindaan dan perubahan daripada rekabentuk asal semasa pengubahsuaian. Beberapa ukiran dan seni khat telah dibuang atau bertukar tempat, tetapi tidak sampai mengubah ciri-ciri utama bangunan yang asal.

Kerja-kerja pengubahsuaian pada tahun 1991 ini adalah merupakan ubahsuai yang paling besar pada bangunan ini. Walaupun ia rnasih mengekalkan ciri-ciri luar bangunan ini tetapi boleh dikatakan hampir keseluruhan ciri-ciri -dalaman seperti struktur bilik, tangga dan pintu telah berubah atau dibuang.

Dipetik dari situs Perbadanan Muzium Kelantan : Muzium Islam

Ulamak Islam terkenal kelahiran Kelantan, Tok Kenali atau Awang Muhammad bin Yusof bergambar kenangan beramai ramai bersama pelawat dari Selangor, di perkarangan bangunan Majlis Agama Islam Kelantan ( kini, Muzium Islam Kelantan ) pada 1931.

Foto ihsan Arkib Negara Online. Sila klik foto untuk ke sumber asal.
Penjelasan foto oleh Arkib Negara adalah seperti berikut :
" Gambar diambil di hadapan Bangunan Majlis Agama Islam Kelantan pada masa lawatan Sheikh Al-Islam Selangor ke Kota Bharu pada (28hb November, 1931). Warta Ahad 23.2.1936. "

Pejuang bangsa, Dr. Burhanuddin Al-Helmy bergambar di hadapan bangunan Majlis Agama Islam Kelantan ( kini Muzium Islam Kelantan ), semasa lawatan beliau ke Kelantan pada 1937.

Foto ihsan carian online Arkib Negara. Sila klik foto untuk ke sumber asal.
Penjelasan foto oleh Arkib Negara adalah seperti berikut :
" Group taken on 7th January, 1937 in front of Majlis Agama Islam Kelantan. Second from left is Tuan Haji Abas Toha (Chief Kathi, Singapore) and on his left in coat and necktie is Dr. Burhannuddin Al-Helmy (Assistants Section Majlis Ulama Singapore). "

Dahulunya kediaman pegawai tinggi kerajaan Kelantan ( istana ), kemudian menjadi pejabat Majlis Agama Islam Kelantan dan kini, Muzium Islam Kelantan. Foto dirakam sekitar 1960-an.

Foto ihsan carian online Arkib Negara Online. Klik foto untuk ke sumber asal.

Selepas banjir besar 2004. Klik foto untuk keterangan lanjut.



Konsep yang popular pada masa lampau ?

Saya tertarik dengan "signature design" bangunan - bangunan ini, iaitu anjung(?) yang berbentuk semi-octagonal. Cukup unik dan menarik, agaknya tidak terdapat ( atau sudah lenyap ? ) di lain lain tempat .....

Adakah ini hanya unik bagi Pattani - Kelantan ?

( 1st row from left )
A Court House and a house of a Malay Noble, photos from the book by W.A. Graham ( Kelantan : A State of The Malay Peninsular 1908 ), taken around 1905 in Kota Bharu. Exact locations, unknown.
( 2nd row from left )
The well known Istana Jahar and the entrance to the main hall of the famous Istana Balai Besar. Both located side by side at Jalan Istana, Kota Bharu.
( 3rd row from left )
The Muzium Islam in Kota Bharu ( edited ( poster effect ) with Adobe Photoshop ) and an old but well preserved private residence at Jalan Post Office Lama in Kota Bharu.
( 4th row from left )
Private residences at Jalan Atas Banggol ( one of the main roads leading to Pantai Cahaya Bulan from the town center, off Jalan Post Office Lama ).


Istana Kenangan of Kuala Kangsar, Perak ( completed 1931 ) :

Click image for photo's caption and original source. More on Istana Kenangan HERE.


Sunday, 25-Mar-2007 12:26 Email | Share | | Bookmark
KELANTAN : The Doors To Nowhere

Leaning against the wall was this ..
An old wooden partition with intricately carved door ..
Perhaps a hundred years old or so ..
View all 27 photos...


A week ( or so ) ago, I spent my morning at a service center at Jalan Sultanah Zainab,
in Kota Bharu. For a routine car service of course.

Waiting for them to finish things up would normally take a few hours so after a while, I got
bored and decided to take a stroll in the direction of the town center, hoping to find new
" interesting " stuffs along the way. Those small but interesting details of Kota Bharu that
I often overlook when behind the wheel.

So, there was this antique shop just down the road where I was heading to.
Nothing much to see from the outside as the shop itself looked rather old and dull,
besides the interior was dark and not so inviting. I was thinking of taking a right turn at
the T - junction ( just a few steps further from the shop ) and was walking pass by it when
something on the pavement outside, caught my attention - four wooden partitions with
carved panels and doors
, which I strongly believe were taken from old, late 19th or
early 20th century traditional Kelantanese Malay dwellings, houses of Malay aristocrats
of those days. Perhaps too big to bring inside, they were left there, placed leaning
against the walls by the shop owner.

In fact they were there for already quite some time, noticed their presence at the spot
many times before while driving along Jalan Sultanah Zainab, one of my few regular
routes into the town. But I only saw them from afar, didn't feel the push to enquire the
owner about them. Now that I had came this close, overwhelmed by curiosity, I decided
to proceed to the shop for some Q & A.

I was trying to get in but the front door was locked from inside.
I was about to leave, thinking of another day, another chance, when a female caretaker
( well, she didn't look like the owner ) probably in her late 30s quickly came and
answered the door with a "surprised" look ( and a bit reluctant too, I wonder why, maybe
she didn't expect people to barge in like that ? at that hours ? Maybe she was having her
morning Nasi Berlauk .. he he .. if so, sorry for that )

So, not to arouse unnecessary suspicions, I made my purpose clear at the door step :

ME : Assalamualaikum .. errr ... Hok tock luwwaa nih nok juwaa kor ?

( Assalamualaikum .. err .. Those things out there, are you going to sell them ? )

SHE : Waalaikumussalam ... Oh, maemae nok juwaa

( Yes, those are for sale )

ME : Ambik manno belako ? Kelate kor Tganung ?

( Where did you get them ? Kelantan or Terengganu ? )

SHE : Kelate belako. Dekak dekak nih jah. Hok ghumoh ghajo tuh.

( All from Kelantan. Just around here. From the old, torn down houses belonged to the royal families, you see ... )

ME : Berghapo letok ?

( Okay. So, how much you are willing to sell them ? )

She went on explaining the prices, which really surprised me to the bone.
Quite a sum for badly maintained, decaying old stuffs ( but fairly in good condition ).
I was a bit confused with her description, which price for which, as she just pointed them
roughly ( I think she knew that I couldn't afford one .. ha ha ha ).

But, getting the idea on how much she expected for those pieces, I had to scrap off my
initial plan of securing them .....

( yes, I did think of that in the first place ~ * sigh ~, if only I got all the cash )

However, feeling a bit " worried " about their conditions, I asked :

ME : Takpo kor letok luwwaa lagu tuh ?

( Wow, and you just keep them outside like that ? )

SHE : Takpo, takdok orghae nok churghi

( I don't think people would like to steal it ..... )

ME : Hujae, panah pulok lagu mano ?

( What about the elements ? the heat ? the rain ? dirt and dust ? )

SHE : Takpo, kayu chengal belako tuh ..

( Not to worry, those are Chengal wood, you see .... )

ME : Oh, gitu kkor .... takpo lah, terghimo kasseih la daeh ..

( Oh ... okay ... Well then, thanks a lot )

I left the shop with lots of questions in mind.

Where exactly did they come from ? What really happened to the houses ?
The house owners who sold them, what were they thinking when they sold away those
valuable heirlooms ? Do I know them ? Close relatives perhaps ? It would be really great
if only I could at least casually trace their origins but the caretaker seemed reluctant to
explain where she got them ....... or maybe she just doesn't have the idea.

Nevertheless, the visit to the antique shop was a sad one.
The house that my late father ( and his father too ! ) grew up in ended up much in the
same way, only luckier perhaps. Maybe I will elaborate that later, in my future entry.

But most importantly, it reminds me of the " inconvenient truth ".
The truth or reality that much of the real Kelantanese architectural treasures are left to rot
and decay out there under the sun, on the vast Kelantanese northern plain.
My growing up days in Kota Bharu were littered with the sight of many magnificent old
houses, ornate wooden gates and doors, fading silently into oblivion and disappearing
from the very land that brought them up.

Even at present, old houses with priceless historical and cultural values are left to
crumble, or relentlessly torn down from existence, leaving only barren spaces that stay
unchanged for years and years. For the note, some empty lots you might find in Kota
Bharu were not empty from the start. There used to be great, beautiful works of art on
them. I would love to give some examples, but let me keep that for my future entry.

However, those who do care ( ironically, in most cases, not the owners ), rescued them
from the hands that neglected them, had them beautifully restored or rebuilt - some even
ended up outside Kelantan. A praiseworthy move but nevertheless a very sad thing to live
with. Like giving away your only, beloved child for adoption ....

Still, many are counting their days
and resting their fate on attitudes of their current owners.

Who knows what I would find at the same antique shop next weekend ?

( only God knows ... )

Foot Note :

( 1 ) Chengal or Neobalanocarpus heimii, a species of tropical heavy hardwood, very resistant to termite attack
and fungal infestation, in the past used mainly to line railway tracks and for bridge constructions, also the most sought after,
excellent housing materials.

~~~~~~~~~~ # ~ # ~ # ~ # ~~~~~~~~~~

Only God Knows

Muslim believes that everything, both seen and the unseen, animate and the inanimate,
are all govern by the will of God and to continuously reassuring, reminding oneself of it
and to testify wholeheartedly, is the most triumphant thing in a Muslim life.

The Malays, being Muslims, often incorporated quotes from the Holy Quran and the
Hadith ( words of the Prophet Muhammad ( p.b.u.h ) ) into their decorative
metalworkings and woodcarvings for such purposes. Often on items and places that
are significant or meaningful, representing aspects of life such as the doors - movable
barriers which not only separate but also connect living spaces with different living
spaces, joining life many activities.

Emm ... what a nice place ( way ) to be solemnly reminded !

بسم الله عَلَى نَفْسِي وَ دِينِي

Read : Bismi Llahi a'la nafsii wa diinii
( In the name of God, ( to Him I submit ) my soul and my way of life )

لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم

Read : La hawla wala quwwata illa billahil aliyyilazeem
( There is no Might or Power except with God, the most High, the most Great )

سبحان الله

Read : Subhan'allah ( God, The Most Supreme )

~~~~~~~~~~ # ~ # ~ # ~ # ~~~~~~~~~~

An old, mentally challenged woman ( very sorry if I got that wrong ) was also there when
I was snapping these photos.

She sat there on the cold floor, muttering words that I hardly could catch.
At the same time, rifling through the contents of her " countless " plastic shopping bags,
stuffed with unknown items that didn't look like any merchandise.
She deserves our special attentions, love and respect.

The old door too.

" There is
nothing new in the world
except the history you do not know "

Harry Truman

( 1884 ~ 1972 ; U.S President, 1945–1953)

RELATED : Speaking about old doors !

* Click photo for details.

[<<  <  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  [22]  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  >  >>]    [Archive]

© Pidgin Technologies Ltd. 2016