By: RaY KinZoKu

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Monday, 10-Dec-2007 15:30 Email | Share | | Bookmark
BANJIR Bagi Orang Kelantan

BANJIR
bagi Orang Kelantan




BANJIR
bagi Orang Kelantan
tak macam perkataan " banjir "

dalam " banjir kilat Lembah Klang "

atau " banjir Utara 2005 "

tak pun " banjir Johor 2006 "

tapi macam perkataan

" banjir " bagi " roti banjir " !


BANJIR
bagi orang Kelantan
macam banjir beribu ribu lemon
dalam iklan cecair penggonyoh pinggan mangkuk
yang pernah buat aku terlopong zaman muda belia dahulu ..

Lemon memang masam
tapi kalau dah beribu ribu lemon dapat percuma
kalau diusung pula ke pasar, buat berniaga
akan tak ke mana
melainkan ke dalam Lemon Chicken akhirnya .... emmm ..

Banjir bagi orang Kelantan
mudah kata
macam Lemon Chicken

Sedap .....


* Pssssst :

Pohon ampun seandainya ada warga Kelantan
yang melihat keadaan banjir di Kelantan sebaliknya ....







* Apabila Sungai Kelantan menguap .....

maka bertempiaranlah rakyat jelata menyambut Sunway Lagoon percuma di depan rumah !

Setakat ini, sudah enam kematian direkodkan di Kelantan, dan kesemuanya adalah berpunca dari apa yang aku panggil, hidrofilia complex !

Bagi mereka yang berniaga pula, mereka ada cara tersendiri " bermain air ". Di mana orang bertumpu mengagumi banjir, di situ akan dipasang gerai menjual barangan dapur dan segala macam makanan ringan dan segera.

Jalan yang menghubungkan bandar Kota Bharu dan Pantai Cahaya Bulan ini, memang tersangat sinonim dengan banjir. Pendek kata, indicator pertama banjir di Kota Bharu adalah di sepanjang laluan itu.

Ketika foto ini dirakamkan ( 10 Dis ), di sepanjang jalan sejauh 8 km itu sahaja, tak kurang tiga tempat sedang digenangi air - satu di sini iaitu di Simpang Tiga Kedai Buloh, satu berhampiran Kem Kijang dan satu di Penambang.

Manakala di Tambatan DiRaja ( Jeti Kastam ) pada tika yang sama,
penyukat banjir menunjukkan sukatan 5.38 meter, iaitu 0.38 meter di atas paras bahaya. Tak ada peliknya kerana pada hari sebelumnya, bacaan adalah 5.61 meter.

Itu pun jauh lebih lekeh jika dibandingkan semasa " Pesta Air Perdana " yang berlangsung selama tiga hari, tiga tahun lepas ( 11 ~ 14 Dis 2004 ), iaitu 7 meter ! ==> kata seorang jurutera JPS, " rekod yang tertinggi dalam sejarah banjir di Kota Bharu ! ".





KEMAS KINI 12 DIS 2007


Air Sungai Kelantan di Jeti Kastam ( Tambatan DiRaja )
meningkat kepada 5.95 meter pada 12 Disember 2007, jam 2100.

Foto berikut dirakam ketika paras air sekitar 5.86 meter.






* Istana Balai Besar dan banjir.

Antara kawasan yang pertama dilanda banjir di Kota Bharu adalah Istana Balai Besar.

Kelihatan di sini, penghadang khas dipasang pada pintu masuk bagi menghalang air dari masuk ke kompleks istana. Air yang meresap masuk pula akan segera dikeluarkan semula dengan pam dan sistem perpaipan khas. Teknik yang sama digunakan semasa banjir besar 2004 dan dilaporkan begitu berkesan sekali.







* Mercu tanda Kota Bharu dan banjir.

Ini baru banjir kecil kecilan.
Tak sah kalau banjir di sini tidak sekurang kurangnya separas ini setiap tahun !







* Hanya ketika ini, motosikal dizalimi dengan kejamnya ....

Yang aku lihat bermaharajalela di atas jalan raya dan laluan yang digenangi air bukannya pejalan kaki mahu pun kereta tetapi motosikal ! Bayangkan, pesta rempit anak anak muda ..... dalam air !







* Bila banjir di Kota Bharu, ramai pula yang ambil peluang berniaga.

Si penjual aiskrim dikerumuni pembeli yang terdiri dari mereka yang mengidap hidrofilia complex peringkat awal. Pengidap peringkat akhir sindrom berkenaan boleh dikenali apabila mereka mula meredah air paras pinggang, pada waktu maghrib, dengan motosikal !







* Putu Halba.

Kuih tersohor pada musim tengkujuh. Ubi kayu parut dibubuh inti gula melaka lalu dikukus. Malangnya, aku tak tergolong dalam kalangan peminat kuih ini.







* Gambar " Real Time " penyukat banjir bagi Sungai Kelantan di Tambatan DiRaja / Jeti Kastam.

Foto di atas di " link " terus secara " real time " dari kamera banjir JPS di Tambatan DiRaja / Jeti Kastam, bermakna setiap satu jam, gambar akan dikemas kini atau berubah ( malangnya, tidak ada lampu disediakan pada waktu malam, maka jangan terkejut sekiranya apa yang dilihat hanyalah skrin hitam ! ).

Untuk makluman,
bagi bandar Kota Bharu, paras 3 meter adalah paras berjaga-jaga, 4 meter bagi amaran dan 5 meter bagi bahaya. Pada Disember 2004, paras tertinggi yang dicatat adalah 7 meter dan paras normal bagi Sungai Kelantan adalah 1 meter ( luar musim tengkujuh ).

Klik imej untuk ke laman JPS yang dimaksudkan.

Nota tambahan :
Klik di sini untuk imej " real time " penyukat banjir JPS di Tangga Krai
( Sungai Kelantan di Kuala Krai, 80 km ke selatan dari pusat bandar Kota Bharu )

Klik di sini untuk imej " real time " penyukat banjir JPS di seluruh negara





DIARI BANJIR KELANTAN 2004 ~ 2007


Dec 2004 : BANJIR BESAR !
Hari Pertama ( 11 Dis ) , Hari Kedua ( 12 Dis ) , Hari Terakhir ( 14 Dis )

Nov 2005 : Banjir pullok doh wehh ~ !

Feb 2006 : The Strangest Day

Dec 2006 : When Everyone Gets Their Share ~

Jan 2007 : SEMOGA HADIRMU BESERTA RAHMAT DAN KEBERKATAN ILAHI








Saturday, 8-Dec-2007 00:15 Email | Share | | Bookmark
KELANTAN & WW2 : The Pillbox of Pantai Kundor

The quiet & secluded Pantai Kundor or Kundor Beach
Hidden in a nearby coconut grove is a WW2 pillbox
This is no Guadalcanal or Iwo Jima but Kelantan, Malaysia
View all 9 photos...
KELANTAN & WW2 :
The Pillbox of Pantai Kundor




Naminori Senshi.
Chi darake ano sunahama ni
senshi.




It's 8th of December 2007.

And today, like I always did every year,
again, I dedicate the day's entry to this nearly forgotten episode of a Great War.

Exactly 66 years ago,
the Imperial Japanese army ( Dai-Nippon Teikoku Gun ) declared war on the British in Malaya.

It all started with a midnight invasion through the shores of Kuala Pak Amat in Jajahan Kota Bharu, State of Kelantan, on the northeast coast of the Malay Peninsular, just an hour before the famous ( well publicized ! ) Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor.

So, I was out again looking for another relic from that war, to add to my list of those already found. This time, to to Pantai Kundor ( Kundor Beach ). I knew from available sources that there should be one on Pantai Kundor, only that I have no exact idea where.

From what I learned, the actual battle didn't come to the shore of Pantai Kundor.
The exact landing point 66 years ago was some five kilometers south, at Kuala Pak Amat, which was located very close to an airfield of strategic value. Nevertheless, Pantai Kundor then was as important as Kuala Pak Amat during that decisive moment in history, very much probably had served as one of several crucial, heavily guarded defensive points in WW2 Kelantan.

I first stepped foot there only during " Hari Beruk Sedunia 2007 " ( and no, I am not one of the Beruks .. Never ! ) which was held there some months ago. The relic thing was beyond my sight then. So, I went down the route once again and had my car parked at the very same spot where I parked during the event. Hoping to find something from there. Trying my luck on my own judgment ( rather than asking the locals ), I managed to find it, a 66 years old or so British pillbox, perfectly intact and preserved albeit naturally, hidden in a coconut grove.

So, they say a photo is worth a thousand words and therefore, I concluded my findings with the following shots and ( less than a thousand words each ! ) descriptions :






Pantai Kundor in Daerah Badang, Jajahan Kota Bharu, Kelantan.

A secluded and quiet stretch of sandy beach, facing the South China Sea.

Few people really know how to get here but it is actually located just next to the famous Pantai Cahaya Bulan or dearly known among the locals as PCB. However, getting here is quite tricky. Well, not really if I told you how. From the town centre, take the usual route to Pantai Cahaya Bulan ( Jalan Pantai Cahaya Bulan ) but head towards Kuala Besar ( take a left turn at a T-Junction, pay attention to roadside signboard for direction ). Halfway to Kuala Besar, a signboard bearing the word " Pantai Kundor " with an arrow pointing to the right, will further show the direction to the beach - a distance of 4 km on narrow village road, over narrow bridges, through Malay kampungs and coconut groves.








Kampung Pantai Kundor on the map.

Notice its proximity to the more well known Pantai Cahaya Bulan ( this is an old map, Pantai Cahaya Bulan is written as " Pantai Chinta Berahi ", the former name. Name changed, but the acronym stays, the P.C.B ). Just next to P.C.B is the actual battle site, the small and quiet estuary of Kuala Pak Amat, located next to Pantai Dasar Sabak.








Somewhere in the Pacific ......

Well .... not really. Surely not like what most might think of.

Sure, with sight like this, one would immediately feels like being somewhere in the former pacific theater of the World War 2, either on Iwo Jima or Guadalcanal or even Midway. But such sight is still common in Kelantan. Maybe there is one in your own backyard. This one in Pantai Kundor is surrounded by tall coconut trees and Nipah palm bushes with simple and rustic kampung houses in the background. The pillbox stood in eerie silence - with only warm salty sea breeze to remind visitors of its former purpose.

It is amazing that while much of the former wartime landscapes surrounding the remaining pillboxes throughout Kelantan, had long lost to the elements, human activities whatsoever, this landscape on Pantai Kundor, seems to be exactly like it was 66 years ago. The pillbox itself, being obviously non-cared for and neglected, remains like it was built a year ago.








In battle, knowing where your foes are, is the first step in securing victory.

But, still doesn't mean that you would be the victor.

It is interesting to note that almost all remaining WW2 pillboxes in Kelantan were built to face the sea, proving that the British already knew where and how the Japanese invasion would take place.

Though the Japanese, being made aware of such British preparation through their spy networks in the then Malaya, could simply choose an alternative route through land from Pattani and Singhorra ( their troops landed on both places a day earlier ), they chosed to face the British head to head, instead. I am not sure why but I do know that the attacking force was lucky enough as the defending party were ill equipped as the British decided to pay more attention to the defense of Singapore.








Step in and make yourself like home !

Or maybe not.

The inner cavity of the pillbox seen through one of the loopholes.

What was once stocked with munitions and nervous defenders, is now filled with decaying palm fronds and empty drink cans. This small space is used to be manned by several soldiers on guard during the critical hours, perhaps poking their rifles and machine guns, through loopholes available on each corner. The shoreline itself was probably lined with barb wires and mines at every vulnerable point and the pillbox itself must be the most important point of defense for the troops stationed there.







Reading the tense of pre-invasion through workmanship.

Concrete mixture for everyday constructions is prepared with fine grain of sand to ensure strength and overall quality to the end result. But in wartime, time and material are too precious to be wasted on things that would be blown apart anyway. The tense atmosphere of the time, just before the invasion could be felt through the material used and the outer finishing of the pillbox such as this one in Pantai Kundor. Notice the embedded, seem " out of place " pebbles and small stones ( machine gun loophole ).







OF RELATED STUFFS :

These are my previous entries on World War II in Kelantan and those related :



WORLD WAR 2 PILLBOX IN KELANTAN : Jubakar, Tumpat


WORLD WAR 2 PILLBOX IN KELANTAN : Jalan Tok Hakim, Kota Bharu



WORLD WAR 2 PILLBOX IN KELANTAN : Jalan Pengkalan Chepa, Kota Bharu


WORLD WAR 2 PILLBOX IN KELANTAN : Pantai Melawi, Bachok


WORLD WAR 2 PILLBOX IN KELANTAN : Pantai Irama & Pantai Pulau Belongan , Bachok


WORLD WAR 2 BATTLE GROUND IN KELANTAN : Sabak Beach


WORLD WAR 2 IN JAPAN : A visit to Yasukuni Shrine & Yushukan ( Japanese War Memorial )


WORLD WAR 2 IN JAPAN : Hiroshima ~ The Beginning Of The End


IMPERIALISM : What did we learn ?



Meet The Guillemard !




Saturday, 1-Dec-2007 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
KELANTAN : Hok gi nyor sorghae, hok ngatta nyor sekapong !

KELANTAN :
Hok gi nyor sorghae,
hok ngatta nyor sekapong !




Lapangan Sultan Ismail Petra, Pengkalan Chepa, Jajahan Kota Bharu, Kelantan.

Gerombolan sanak saudara dan rakan taulan menghantar bakal jemaah haji ke Kuala Lumpur untuk transit seketika sebelum berlepas ke Tanah Suci Makkah bagi musim haji 1428 H.







* Kaunter Pemeriksaan / Check-in



* Ke Balai Berlepas





Thursday, 22-Nov-2007 15:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
SELINGAN : Kelantan, The MultiDepu SuperKoridor !!

Venturing into Dewan Beta in Kota Bharu, Kelantan ...
One would notice the abundance of Lansium Domesticum aka Duku ..
Here grows the most sought after Duku in Kelantan
View all 21 photos...
KELANTAN :
The Multi Depu Super Koridor !!





* I saw this by the roadside between Pasir Hor-Wakaf Che Yeh junction and Jambatan Tendong-Lundang Paku junction, closer to the latter. Noticed several others at the "Old Bulatan Kijang" junction, by the roadside near the Pengkalan Chepa Airport and somewhere by the road between Machang and Kota Bharu - all erected just before Hari Raya, perhaps to steal the attention of "overseas" Kelantanese, coming home for the festive season.




" KELANTAN KORIDOR DEPU ".


Simply put, " Depu " is where all the " Gaharu " comes from.

Well, " Depu " is one thing but first, what the "neraka" is " Gaharu " ?

My first encounter with the word " Gaharu " was during primary school years,
and it came from this "overly quoted", well known Malay pantun which goes :


Sudah Gaharu, Cendana pula,
Sudah tahu, bertanya pula ...



However, back then, I didn't really bother what this " Gaharu " ( or even " Cendana " ) means. In fact, it meant nothing. Both words sounded so foreign, sounded like those names from P.Ramlee's films. At one time, I even thought " Gaharu " and " Garu " ( scratch ) is the same thing ! Ha ha ha and even the word " menatang " from the equally well known Malay proverb, " Menatang Minyak Yang Penuh " which I learned during that, sounds like " Menatae " to my Kelantanese ears - the dreaded word we used to tease each other in those good old days ... Weird. What's the logic of cursing a full tank of petrol ? Get it ? He he he ......

But I grew up learning and getting ideas on what Gaharu really is, mostly from accidental readings and viewings. From books to newspapers, from television programs to internet articles. I didn't look up for it really. Most just pop up from my daily dosage of informations. Often, from news articles like this one which I accidentally found printed on an old local English daily, while searching for suitable scrap papers to line up some wet groceries :




* New Straits Times - 26 Nov 2006.



I came to know that Cendana ( Sandalwood ) actually refers to trees from the genus Santalum, from which aromatic oils are extracted. But the word Gaharu ( Agarwood ) actually refers to resins, produced by a handful of trees from the genus Aqualaria. The tree(s) itself is not known as Gaharu but as Karas or Depu ( in Kelantan, it is known as " Depu ". I shall use " Depu " in the following ). Both Cendana and Gaharu produce some kind of resin from which aromatic oils are derived and refined, and further processed into highly prized fragrance and sweet smelling incense.

I am not sure about Cendana, but I do know that Depu is a domestic species, from our own jungles. The tree grows well and thrives on all soil conditions except swampy or marshy areas. It tolerates both lowlands and hilly terrains up to 750 meters from sea level, growing tall up to 40 meters high. People have been looking for it for centuries, making the Gaharu trade in the Malay Archipelago well known, drenched in hundreds of years of history. It is prized by people from both East and West. From the households of the Middle East to the temples of the Far East. It is even said that the Malacca Sultanate, prior to Portuguese arrival, thrived on Gaharu among several other precious jungle commodities and spices. In the 1900s, a British officer in Kelantan cited Gaharu as one of many precious commodities from the jungles of old Kelantan. As described in the following excerpt, from his book " Kelantan A State of The Malay Peninsular " ( W.A. Graham, 1908 ) :





* Note that the spelling is " gharu ", not a typo but the Sanskrit term for " gaharu ".
I bet you know now the origin of the word " gaharu ".




So, it happens that at the very moment, the Kelantan state government is promoting this unique species for mass cultivation throughout the state.

They say that the industry is lucrative and very promising yet with so few hassle. Unlike Cendana which needs half a century or so for ideal result, Karas / Depu grows quickly with little or no care at all, with Gaharu ready to be extracted in just 7 to 10 years ! Furthermore, for every kilo of resinous Depu wood chips, prices can go as low as RM60 to as high as RM 12,000 * ! ( * quoted from a govt released brochure ).

Conventional harvesting method is crude and very little in yield. In fact, more destructive than productive, and done only by a handful of experts who knew the trade very well. Unfortunately, these experts are often the same people who resort to poaching in the forest reserves / national parks for prime Gaharu bearing trees, resulting a great decline of the species in the wild. But a new method, very recently introduced, is giving a new definition to Gaharu extracting and a new " legal " light to the industry. Trees are no more " hunted " and chopped down but cultivated, had the resin carefully extracted with more longer lasting, productive result.

A couple of months ago I had the chance to see myself, a part of the industry - the process of preparing Depu tree for resin extraction. Here, I posted up the photos from the visit which I found so educational and worthwhile. For the note, the visited spot is a well known Duku ( Lansium Domesticum ) producer in Kelantan, Beta ( I went to Dewan Beta, Kg. Beta Hulu to be specific ), a "daerah" in Jajahan Kota Bharu. Go to any fruit / vegetable market in Kelantan where Duku is sold and ask the Duku traders about " Duku Daewae " ( Duku Dewan, after Dewan Beta ) and you would be surprised that many ( if not every of them ) would declare theirs as one, despite little or no proof at all.

Enough with the Duku part, in Beta, Depu trees co-exist with Duku trees.
Before, it was considered by the villagers as nothing much of use, more of nuisance as it easily occupies the spaces between Duku trees, grows fast, often depriving the latter from sunlight. Though a timber species, Depu is of low quality and of very little uses, most ended up as caskets bound for the graveyards. But when the State Govt decided to kick off the Gaharu campaign in Beta, plus, with free distribution of Depu seedlings to the villagers, Depu trees started to gain popularity. Villagers are now offering existing Depu trees in their backyards and Duku groves for Gaharu operators to work on, hoping for a lovely share from the trade. Finally learning to appreciate what was onced rendered useless.

I left the place wondering how the Gaharu industry will fare in Kelantan, how it will turn up into. Nevertheless, I think I have faith in the future prospect of Gaharu itself

and as for Dewan Beta, now, Duku Daewae.

Next stop, Gaharu Daewae !







A sight you won't miss.

Take a trip into Dewan Beta ( some 20 km to the south of Kota Bharu town ), describe to the locals about it, the shape, the look and all that and you will be guided to and shown the real stuff, just in their backyard !






A Depu tree being prepared for the Gaharu industry.

This method of extracting Gaharu is " imported " from just " next door " ( you know where ).
After this process, the tree has to be inoculated and returned to nature, for about 6 months or so.
Then, the treated layers, darkened with resin accumulation is carefully chiselled into chips which is then brought to
the refinery for oil extraction. I was told that this new method is less destructive, with greater and longer lasting yield.




IN THE NEWS :





Read the rest, with more details at Usahawantani Kelantan's blog.




Oh ! By The Way :

Finally an entry after a month of nothingness.
An old entry that should be posted up a month ago.

The reason to that is well, I am kinda busy lately.
Feels like being robbed away of my freedom each day.
Emmm .. maybe it is just a case of faulty time management
but hey, I think I am going to enjoy this new chapter of my life, well, hopefully ....





Sunday, 21-Oct-2007 15:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
KELANTAN & KISAH SILAM : Menilik Muka Lama

KELANTAN & KISAH SILAM :
Menilik Muka Lama




Peta Kelantan sekitar 1905
sebagaimana dikemukakan oleh seorang pegawai British
yang berkhidmat di Kelantan pada ketika itu.

Perlu diingatkan bahawa peta ini merujuk kepada negeri Kelantan sebelum campur tangan rasmi British pada 1909 :





* WA Graham, 1908 ; " Kelantan : A State of The Malay Peninsula "



Ada ENAM perkara yang menarik perhatian saya :


PERTAMA :

Untuk sesebuah penempatan baik kampung, pekan atau bandar dicatat pada peta,
ia mestilah dianggap penting atau a place of great significance
dan satu abad yang lampau, nama-nama berikut sudah pun tercatat pada peta Kelantan :

Kota Bharu, Tanah Merah, Pasir Mas, Pasir Puteh, Tumpat, Bacho ( Bachok ),

Kg Laut, S Pinan ( Sungai Pinang ), Saba ( Sabak ), Banggo ( Banggol ), Kota,
Pandek ( Pendek ), Salah ( Salor ), Waef Bharu ( Wakaf Bharu ), Labok

Waef Stan ( Wakaf Stan ), Kumassim ( Kemasin ), Kutang ( Kutan ), Gunong, Panyit, Kemuning, Kemubu, Batu Mengkebang, Pulau Raya, Kuala Lebir, Pulai


dan lain lain .......

Sekiranya kalian tergolong dari kalangan yang segan mengaku asal usul,
lebih-lebih lagi berasa segan memperkenalkan kampung halaman yang boleh jadi kalian fikir tidak " glamour ", percayalah yang kalian sebenarnya layak dan wajar berbangga jika nama kampung kalian ada tertera pada peta di atas -- seratus tahun dahulu merupakan lokasi penting atau bermakna sehingga layak dicatat pada peta ! Hoorayyy !

Oh yer, did I say 100 tahun ? Whoaa ... historical stuff ! Hooorayy !


KEDUA :

" LEGGEH " adalah sebuah wilayah Kerajaan Melayu lama.

Asalnya sebahagian dari Kesultanan Melayu Pattani,
ianya dipecahkan oleh Siam dari Pattani sebagaimana Perlis dipecahkan, juga oleh Siam dari Kerajaan Kedah. Ketika itu, Leggeh bersempadankan Wilayah Reman ( yang juga pecahan dari Kerajaan Pattani, bersempadan dengan Perak tetapi tidak ditunjukkan dalam peta di atas ). Leggeh kini telah diwartakan oleh Pentadbiran Thai sebagai " Narathiwat " ( Menara ) manakala Reman sebagai " Yala " ( Jala ).

Semasa zaman kanak-kanak dahulu,
kami sering saling mengejek dengan ungkapan berikut :

" Orghae darghak marghi Ulu Legeh "

atau dalam bahasa mudahnya bermaksud,

" orang hulu datang dari hulu segala hulu ".

Walaupun di Jeli kini memang wujud tempat bernama Kampung Legeh,
saya yakin ungkapan tersebut malah nama kampung itu sendiri pun berakar
dari wilayah " Leggeh ", iaitu merujuk kepada nama sebuah wilayah lama Kerajaan Melayu Pattani yang telah lama luput ....

Entah lah ...


KETIGA :

Di satu sudut peta di atas ada tertera :

" Tgku Petri Concess. "

yang sebenarnya merujuk kepada konsesi milik Almarhumah Tengku Maryam Kembang Petri atau Tengku Petri ( atau " Tengku Putri " atau in Kelantanese : Ku Terghii ) iaitu anakanda kepada Almarhum Sultan Ahmad yang memerintah Kelantan antara 1886 ~ 1889.

Tengku Petri telah berkahwin dengan Sultan Pattani yang terakhir, Tengku Abdul Kadir. Saya pernah menulis tentang kediaman mereka yang dikenali ramai sebagai Istana Tengku Seri Akar, ( penghuni terakhir yang juga merupakan putera mereka berdua ), di dalam entri yang lepas. Malah pernah juga menyentuh tentang pertalian beliau dengan keluarga saya, juga dalam entri yang lepas ...

Berbalik semula kepada perihal konsesi Tengku Petri, ianya terletak di Batu Mengkebang, apa yang kini sebahagian dari Jajahan Kuala Krai ( ketika itu tidak wujud Jajahan Kuala Krai dan apa yang ada hanyalah Kota Bharu dan Ulu Kelantan ) dan saya difahamkan, sehingga sekarang keturunan beliau masih memegang hakmilik tanah di dalam kawasan " konsesi " berkenaan.


KEEMPAT :

Jika diperhatikan ke bahagian pedalaman Kelantan,
perkataan " Duff Company's Concession " terbentang antara sempadan Kelantan di Barat dengan sempadan Kelantan di Selatan.

Kisah di sebaliknya ada saya sertakan di sini,
dalam bentuk huraian oleh Arkib Negara Malaysia Online melalui siri "Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah" ( saya membesar dengan siri Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah yang dulunya selalu disiar di saluran tv RTM ! ).

Berikut adalah petikan dari salah satu siri berkenaan :


Quote:



Pada hari ini dalam tahun 1905, Kerajaan Negeri Kelantan menandatangani satu perjanjian dengan Duff Development Company. Perjanjian yang ditandatangani oleh Sultan Muhammad IV dengan Robert William Duff ini bermaksud bagi menggantikan perjanjian dan dokumen tambahan yang dibuat pada 19hb Oktober, 1900 dan 12hb Ogos, 1903.1

Melalui perjanjian ini di antara lain, Sultan Kelantan memberikan hak perdagangan tunggal2 di dua daerah dalam negeri Kelantan kepada Duff Company. Sempadan bagi kedua-dua daerah ini ditentukan oleh beberapa sungai iaitu Sungal Kusial, Sungai Kelantan, Sungai Sitong, Sungai Lebir, dan Sungai Galas dan sempadan-sempadan Negeri Perak, Kelantan, Pahang dan juga Wilayah Reman dan L,eggeh. Adalah dianggarkan bahawa daerah-daerah ini meliputi kawasan seluas 2,500 batu persegi.

Hak perdagangan tunggal dalam lingkungan kedua-dua daerah ini diberikan kepada Syarikat Duff untuk tujuan perlombongan, pertanian, perhutanan, hasil-hasil hutan, perhubungan melalui jalan atau jalan keretapi, penyewaan tanah untuk membina bangunan, atau memungut sewa-sewa tanah, dan apa saja aktiviti bentuk perdagangan.


Sila rujuk selebihnya di Arkib Negara Malaysia Online :
Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah 28 Mei 1905 :
Perjanjian Sultan Kelantan dengan Duff Development Company
.



Percaya atau tidak, penglibatan syarikat inilah yang sedikit sebanyak telah menjadi titik tolak penglibatan langsung kerajaan British dalam pentadbiran Kelantan yang bermula dengan rasminya melalui Perjanjian British-Siam 1909 atau umumnya dikenali Perjanjian Bangkok 1909. Setahun sebelum itu, berita berkenaan rundingan ke arah perjanjian tersebut telah digembar gembur nun jauh sehingga ke Amerika sebagaimana dilaporkan oleh akhbar The New York Times, edisi Ahad, 5 April 1908 :

Quote:



The New York Times ( Online Archive ) - April 5, 1908, Sunday
Section : THE MARCONI TRANSATLANTIC WIRELESS DISPATCHES, Page C3, 457 words


Bangkok, March 14 - By the new treaty between the British and the Siamese Governments, which will presently be announced, the latter is prepared to cede to Great Britain two important outlying States, Tringano and Kelantan, for which Siam is to receive an important modification of British extraterritorial rights, which will abolish these rights as far as Asiatics are concerned.

The States of Tringano and Kelantan are two tributary provinces of Siam, the latter being administered by a Siamese Commissioner, assisted by an English adviser appointed by the Bangkok Government. It is natural that both these provinces should be under British control, as they are contiguous to the British Malay States, and are determined as within the British sphere of influence by the Franco-Siamese treaty of 1906. The two States referred to cover an area of between 8,000 and 9,000 square miles.

Tringano is practically untrodden ground for the European. There are no roads and the principal river, the Tringano, is rendered useless for navigation half way on its course to the seas by a series of large waterfalls. The country to the west of these falls is practically uninhabited. Tin, however, is known to exist in the south. The political status of the State, to some extent, is indefinite. It is held by some that the Rajah of Tringano is an independant ruler, but the Siamese Government claims that Article 12 of the Anglo-Siamese treaty of 1826 implies Siamese suzerainity over the State.

As for Kelantan, there are valuable British interests. The Duff Development Company owns a concession of some 2,500 square miles of the country, obtained from the Rajah of Kelantan, supported by the British Government and ratified in 1902 by the Siamese Government, in which year the Rajah of Kelantan acknowledged Siamese suzerainity. Subsequent to this, however, differences arose between the Government and the company regarding the exercise by the latter of legislative and administrative rights, ( which were the subject of negotiation through the British Foreign Office until quite recently. ). The country itself is little known, but is believed to be rich in gold and tin, and rubber-growing has met with success. The Rajah of Kelantan, it is stated, would welcome British control.

The proposed modification of extraterritoriality will have a great effect. It will give more jurisdiction to the Siamese courts, and will permit mixed actions to be brought, which at present cannot be taken in the Bangkok courts. Much confusion will be removed, for it has well been said that beyond certain limits extraterritoriality often reacts upon those whom it is intended to protect.


View original news in printed form ( in PDF format ) here.



Tersengih seketika bilamana terbaca bahagian perbandingan antara negeri Kelantan dengan Terengganu. Betapa Kelantan pada ketika itu, walaupun kurang dikenali oleh bangsa Eropah tetapi sudah pun diangggap amat bernilai bagi mereka,

" as for Kelantan, there are valuable British interests ",

" ... is believed to be rich in gold and tin, and rubber-growing has met with success ",

manakala negeri Terengganu pula antara lainnya hanya dihurai

" Tringano is practically untrodden ground for the European. There are no roads and the principal river, the Tringano, is rendered useless for navigation ... "

( Huh ? Tringano ? Tringanu ? Trengganu ? Terengganu ? Gannu !? Mana satu weh ? )

Berita ini sampai hingga ke New York, oleh itu mengapa ada di antara kita yang masih segan dengan Kelantan ? Bukan berniat merendahkan " Tringano ", sekadar membuktikan bahawa Kelantan tidaklah semundur sebagaimana ingin difikirkan segelintir pihak ... Nah lihatlah ! Namanya sudah sampai ke New York 100 tahun lepas ! Dengan ejaan yang betul pulak tu ! MuHahahahaha .......

Hehehe ... sebelum tersasar jauh, ayuh kembali ke topik asal.

Walau bagaimana pun, pada tahun 1912 konsesi yang dimiliki oleh Duff Development Company ini telah diambil alih oleh kerajaan British melalui satu persetujuan di mana Syarikat telah dibayar sebanyak £300,000 sebagai ganti rugi dan apa yang bermula dengan " a private venture ", diteruskan pula dengan penguasaan penuh kerajaan British ke atas Kelantan. Namun begitu, penguasaan British terhadap Kelantan sebenarnya tidaklah seketat di negeri-negeri Melayu Bersekutu dan anak Kelantan banyak menentukan nasib mereka sendiri ( contoh, Enakmen Tanah Kelantan 1938 ) dan keadaan ini berkekalan sehinggalah 1957.


KELIMA :

Bercakap tentang perbandingan antara Terengganu dan Kelantan,
jika dilihat pada peta berkenaan, persempadanan antara kedua-dua negeri tidak jauh bezanya dengan persempadanan masa kini.

Ada satu kisah yang kerap saya dengar bermain di mulut rata-rata rakyat Kelantan dan segelintir warga Daerah Besut di Terengganu. Tentang kisah seorang Raja dari Kelantan ( entah siapa ) yang kalah dalam perlawanan sabung ayam dengan Raja dari Terengganu ( juga entah siapa ) lalu menyerahkan wilayah Besut, yang dikatakan milik Kelantan kepada Terengganu sebagai bayaran pertaruhan. Kisah ini dijaja begitu kerap dan hebat sekali bagi mengaitkan " misteri " penggunaan dialek Kelantan di kalangan majoriti warga Daerah Besut.

Walau bagaimana pun,
setakat ini saya tetap beranggapan bahawa kisah ini tidak berasas dan tahyul sama sekali, kerana saya masih gagal untuk menemukan sebarang bukti, sama ada bertulis atau tertera pada arca, gambar mahupun peta sebegini, yang dapat menyokong kisah tersebut.

Huh !? ... Kalah sabung ayam !!?
Takkan tak ada cerita lagi best untuk digoreng ?
Apa kata kisah " kalah main Gran Turismo " bagi menggantikan " kalah sabung ayam " ?


KEENAM :

Apa apa pun, ada satu yang boleh dikira paling menarik sekali.
Paling tidak pun, menarik buat diri saya sendiri.

Seandainya kalian dari tadi lagi sudah tertanya-tanya mengapa sempadan Kelantan ketika itu mengunjur melepasi Sungai Golok tetapi tidak sekarang, berikut adalah kisah di sebaliknya dari apa yang saya terserempak di alam internet :



Quote:

Wat Chon Thara Singhe

This temple is at Mu 3, Tambon Chehe, on the bank of Tak Bai River. From the town, take Highway No. 4985 (Narathiwat-Tak Bai) until the Tak Bai District Market intersection, turn left and proceed for another 100 meters to the temple entrance.

In 1873, Phra Khru Ophat Phutthakhun established the temple and requested land from Phraya Kelantan for its construction. At that time, Tak Bai was still a part of Kelantan in Malaysia. This Buddhist temple, which played an important role in the secession of land between Siam and Malaya (then a colony of the United Kingdom) during the reign of King Rama V in 1909, is located in a predominantly Muslim community. The Thai side raised the fact that since this is a Buddhist temple, it should remain with Thailand. The British relented and agreed to use the Klok River (Tak Bai River) that flows through Tak Bai as the boundary. Therefore, the temple is also called Wat Phithak Phaen Din Thai or the temple that protects Thai sovereignty.


More at :
http://temples-thailand.blogspot.com/2007/09/wat-chon-thara-singhe_30.html

Other source :
http://www.tourismthailand.org/destinationguide/list.aspx?provinceid=76&typeid=7




Sekian, terima kasih.





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